Description about Map :-The Federative Republic of Brazil is the largest country in South America. Brazil is one of the BRICS countries and is the fifth largest in the world in terms of area. The Map of Brazil points out the county's biggest tourist attractions - Carnaval, the forty day festival, the statue of Christ the Redeemer which is one of the Seven Wonders of the modern world, the harbor of Rio de Janiro, the lush and beautiful Jardim Botanico, Agulhas Negras, Chapada dos Gulmaraes, the Itaipu Dam, and the Iguazu Falls. This map is also an accurate guide to the prominent South Atlantic ports in Brazil - Rio Grande, Porto Alegre, Victoria, Sao Luis, Belem, and others. Some of the highest elevations in the country such as the Pico da Banderia and the Pico da Neblina are also plotted.
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Brazil was inhabited by indigenous people since at least 8,000 years ago. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to arrive in Brazil, discovered by Pedro Alvares Cabral in April of 1500, who claimed the territory for the Kingdom of Portugal.
During the Peninsular War in 1808, the Portuguese government fled Napoleon's invasion by moving its operations to its Brazil colony, setting up the capital in Rio de Janeiro, which lasted for thirteen years. When King Joao VI returned to Portugal after these years, he left his son Pedro I to govern Brazil.
Pedro I led Brazil in a war of independence from Portugal in 1821, declaring independence and becoming Emperor Pedro I in 1822. The monarchy was overthrown in 1889, and the government was reestablished as a federal republic, largely controlled by coffee interests. By 1902, Brazil produced 65% of the world's coffee. Throughout the following decades, Brazil was plagued by revolts and political instability, with a series of leaders, a period of military rule, and eventually elected presidents.
Brazil's economy suffered through many of these regimes, with high inflation. Notable leaders during this period include Getulio Vargas, who led first as a dictator and was later elected as a president, and President Juscelino Kubitschek in 1956, who helped improved the economy. The country began the process of redemocratization in the 1980s.
In 1989, Fernando Collor de Mello became the first directly elected president since 1960, attempting to reform the economic system, but failing. President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, elected in 1994, continued Collor's reforms, and introduced controversial reforms. More recently, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva was elected to confront the wealth disparity, and Brazil's political scene has been fairly stable in recent years.
Brazil is the largest country in South America, and the fifth largest country in the world. Located in eastern South America along the Atlantic Ocean, Brazil borders Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela.
Because of its large size, Brazil has a wide variety of landscapes, though mostly flat, there are mountain ranges and highlands, as well as coastal regions . Many rivers traverse Brazil, which has mostly tropical climates, such as the Amazon, the second largest river in the world. About 60 percent of the Amazon Rainforest is within Brazil, which has suffered from deforestation and drought in recent years.
Brazil is a democratic republic, with the federal level of government, as well as the state and municipal levels. Brazil's president is both chief of state and head of government, who appoints the cabinet, Ministers of State to help. Brazil has a bicameral National Congress, and its two branches are the Federal Senate and the Chamber of Deputies.
Brazil is divided into twenty-six states and one federal district, the capital, Brasilia. Each state has a high level of autonomy, with their own governors, legislators, and courts. The municipalities of Brazil also have autonomy, with their own tax collection, a mayor, and legislators.
Brazil is one of South America's main travel destinations, with beautiful beaches, tropical islands, and lively cities. The natural wonders of Brazil include the Amazon and the Pantanal, which offer a diverse array of wildlife and adventures. Another natural attraction are Iguazu Falls, along Brazil's border with Argentina, which are 3 kilometers of waterfalls.
Brazil's major cities include Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Brasilia, offering a selection of activities and cultural experiences, like its most famous celebration, Carnaval. From culinary delights to music and dancing, Brazil's big cities are unique and lively.
The federal government handles the education system in Brazil with the Ministry of Education. While the standards are set nationwide, the municipalities of Brazil are responsible for carrying out the regulations.
Brazil's education system is structure into a few different levels, roughly based on the age of the students. Preschool is available for children under six years of age, but attendance at preschool is optional. Elementary school is required for children ages six to fourteen, and is split into two sections: I and II. Elementary school covers the general education requirements, including Portuguese language, math, science, history and arts. The second half of elementary education in Brazil usually incorporates a second language, such as English or Spanish.
Once students have finished their elementary education, they can continue to a school for secondary education. There students focus on the core curriculum, which includes science courses like Chemistry and Biology. Secondary school lasts around three years, and are only mandatory for students who move on to higher education.
Higher education in Brazil is similar to many other countries, with undergraduate and graduate levels and about four years of coursework to complete a bachelor's degree. Professional degrees, such as engineering and medicine take longer, with five or six years of classes, and often requires an internship or fieldwork.
- Brazil is the only Portuguese-speaking country in the Americas.
- Brazil borders every South American country except Chile and Ecuador.
- Brazil is one of three modern nations in the Americas (along with Mexico and Haiti) to have had an indigenous monarchy, which it had for almost 90 years.
- The Amazon Rainforest in Brazil has the most diverse ecosystem in the world - there are an estimated ten to fifteen million species of insects in the country.
- Brazil has won the FIFA World Cup five times (1958, 1962, 1970, 1994, 2002).
- Infographic of Brazil
- Brazil States
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- Brazilian Food and Cuisine
- Natural Resources
|Last Update On : January 10, 2013|
Name Federative Republic of Brazil
Largest CitySao Paulo
Area3,287,597 sq mi (8,514,877 sq km)
Population 193,946,886 (2012)
Form of GovernmentFederal presidential constitutional republic
CurrencyReal (R$) (BRL)
PresidentDilma Rousseff (PT)
Vice PresidentMichel Temer (PMDB)
President of the SenateJose Sarney (PMDB)
President of the Supreme Federal CourtAyres Britto
GDP$2.294 trillion (2011)