Ohio Facts

Quick Facts

Official Name Ohio
Area44,825 sq mi (116,096 km2)
Largest CityColumbus
Official LanguagesNone ( Spoken : English 93.3%, Spanish 2.2%, Other 4.5% )
Time ZoneEastern Time Zone UTC-5
GovernorJohn Kasich
Lt. GovernorMary Taylor
U.S. SenatorSherrod Brown, Rob Portman
AbbreviationOH[16], US-OH
Joined the UnionMarch 1, 1803
NicknameThe Buckeye State, The Heart of It All, The Mother of Presidents, Birthplace of Aviation
Highest PointCampbell Hill
Lowest PointOhio River at Indiana border
Official Websitewww.ohio.gov

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Location and Geography:
Ohio is located right between the Northeastern and Midwestern areas of the United States, directly below Lake Erie. Its central position and numerous waterways have continually assured its place as a major shipping and trading hub within the country.

Counties and Regions:
Ohio’s 88 counties cover a wide range of geological areas and social groups. The general regions of Ohio are as follows:

  • Appalachian Ohio
  • Central Ohio
  • Cincinnati Metropolitan Area
  • Great Black Swamp
  • Greater Cleveland Area (Northeast Ohio)
  • Lake Erie Islands
  • Miami Valley (Southwest Ohio)
  • Northwest Ohio

Ohio is one of America’s most populated states, ranked in the top ten for both total population and population density. More than 11.5 million people reside in Ohio.

Major Cities :
Ohio consists of numerous cities. Some important cities in the state are Columbus, which is the capital of the state, Cleveland, Cincinnati, Toledo, Akron, and Dayton.

The Name:
Derived from the Iroquois Indian word which means "great river".

History and Colonization:
The history of Native American people in Ohio stretches back to thousands of years, deep into the mists of antiquity. Many native civilizations flourished in its river valleys, leaving behind amazing artifacts and mysteries. Many tribes during the seventeenth-century vanished after coming into contact with deadly diseases. In the late seventeenth and throughout the eighteenth centuries, many new tribes laid claim to the region and pushed out the previous cultures. These tribes were in turn supplanted by the European and American settlers who established their colonies in the region.

During the 1700s, the French established their authority in Ohio in an effort to expand their fur trade. As British colonies began to flourish on the East Coast, the two colonial powers clashed over the region, with Britain ultimately proving to be the victor. This was short-lived, however, as the successful American Revolution soon forced Britain to cede most of its claims on the North American continent to the newly-formed United States.

The modern-day state of Ohio was created out of a large, unorganized chunk of land known as the Northwest Territory. Some questions of population prerequisites and border disputes remained for a while, but all of these have long since been resolved. Under the administration of President Andrew Jackson, most of the Native Americans were forcibly removed, and American farmers were settled in the area. Ohio contributed greatly to the Northern victory during the American Civil War by providing men and munitions. An influx of European immigrants and African-American migrants occurred in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century, helping to fuel Ohio’s development into an industrial, blue-collar state.

Ohio is often seen as a link between the Northeast and the Midwest, and major trade routes and highways have always crisscrossed the state. A quintessential Midwestern state, Ohio is known for its industrial output. During the American Civil War and both World Wars, Ohioan workers produced much of America’s military might. The more recent collapse of these institutions has, unfortunately, led to Ohio suffering a heavy economic toll. In response, the people of the state have increasingly diversified into other industries, such as technology and service.

Ohio Facts & Trivia
1. Columbus is the capital as well as the largest city of the state

2. Ohio was admitted to the Union on March 1, 1803, as the 17th State.

3. Ohio is historically known as the Buckeye State. This is with reference to the Ohio buckeye tree. Ohioans are known as Buckeyes.

4. Spread over an area of 116,096, Ohio is the 34th biggest state in the United States in terms of size.

5. About 50 percent of the population lives within a 500-mile radius of Ohio's capital Columbus.

6. The city of Akron is known as the global rubber capital.

7. In the year 1865, the original ambulance service was set up in Cincinnati.

8. Chillicothe was the original capital of Ohio. In 1816, the capital was moved to Columbus.

9. Oberlin College is the first American institution of higher learning to admit women and black students, in addition to white males.

10. Some notable citizens of Ohio who gained worldwide prominence include inventor Thomas Alva Edison, astronaut Neil Armstrong, American automotive pioneer John Lambert and aviation pioneers the Wright brothers to name a few.

11. The state flag of Ohio has a pennant design. It is the only flag of that design in the USA.

12. Founded in 1804, Ohio University is the first university in the former Northwest Territory as well as in the state. It was founded in 1804 in Athens, Ohio.

13. John Glenn was the first American to Orbit the earth. In 1998, at the age of 77, he became the oldest person to travel in space by serving as a payload specialist on STS-95 aboard the space shuttle Discovery.

14. Seven US Presidents were born in Ohio. These include Ulysses S. Grant, William McKinley, Rutherford B. Hayes, William H. Taft, James A. Garfield, Warren G. Harding and Benjamin Harrison.

15. Ohio became the first state in 1852 to enact laws that protected working women.

16. The Motto of Ohio is ‘With God All Things Are Possible’

17. The flower of Ohio is Red Carnation, while the bird is Cardinal

18. In 1879, Cleveland became the first city in the world to have electric lights.

19. The first permanent settlement in Ohio is Marietta. General Rufus Putnam founded the settlement in 1788. It was named in honor of the then French queen Marie Antoinette.

20 In 1868, Cincinnati Red Stockings became the first professional baseball team.

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American Revolution
American RevolutionDeclaratory Act 1766Ideas Expressed in The Declaration of Independence
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First Great AwakeningAmerican Revolution FactsOriginal 13 Colonies Map
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Last Updated on: September 29th, 2017