What are the Key Facts of Ohio? | Ohio Facts - Answers

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What are the Key Facts of Ohio?

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Map of Ohio
Map of Ohio which lies in the midwestern region of the USA



State Capital


Largest City



40.5°N 82.5°W


“The Buckeye State”; “Birthplace of Aviation”; “The Heart of It All”

Postal Abbreviation



44,825 sq. mi (116,096 sq. km)

Highest Point

Campbell Hill, 1,549 ft (472 m)

Neighboring States

Michigan, Pennsylvania, Indiana, Kentucky, Virginia

Number of Counties



11,689,100 (2019)

Date of entering the Union

March 1, 1803

State Anthem

“Beautiful Ohio” (1969), “Hang On Sloopy” (1985)


Mike DeWine (Republicans)

Lieutenant governor

Jon A. Husted (Republicans)

U.S. senators

Sherrod Brown (Democrats), Rob Portman (Republicans)

U.S. House delegation

12 Republicans, 4 Democrats

GDP (millions of dollars)



Ohioan; Buckeye (colloq.)

Time Zones

UTC−05:00 (Eastern), Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (EDT)

Where is Ohio?

Ohio is on the northeastern edge of the Midwest region of the United States of America. It is the 17th state admitted to the union of the USA on March 1, 1803. Lake Erie surrounds Ohio to the north. It also shares its border with Pennsylvania to the east, West Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, and Michigan in the northwest. Columbus is the capital of Ohio.

What is the Geography of Ohio?

Ohio spreads across a total area of 44,825 sq. mi (116,096 sq. km). Out of which the proportion of the land area is 40,948 sq. mi (106,156 sq. km) while 3,877 sq. mi (10,040 sq. km) is the water area. Water constitutes 8.7% of the total area. The state is on the 34th rank in terms of area in the US.

There are five significant rivers within the state – the Cuyahoga River, Great Miami River, Maumee River, Muskingum River, and Scioto River. The Scioto River is the longest in the state, and its length is 230 miles long. The significant thing with the Scioto River is that it runs almost throughout the whole state.

The state’s mean elevation is 850 ft (260 m) above sea level. The lowest elevation point of Ohio is 455 ft, which is at the Ohio River at Indiana border, while the highest elevation point of the state is Campbell Hill at 1,549 ft (472 m).

Ohio is not famous for tall mountains, but the state is known for the remarkable hilltops. There are several breathtaking hilltops and peaks in Ohio, such as- Campbell Hill, Appalachian Mountains, Hocking Hills, Sugarloaf Mountain, Cuyahoga Valley National Park High Point, Mount Jeez, Radar Hill, Ohio Amish Country hills and many more.

Ohio is mostly covered up by plains, but it divides into several geographical regions.

The northern Great Lakes of the state is famous as a fertile lowland. However, Lake Erie Shoreline has an abundance of clay and beaches.

The Till Plains is a vast region in the west and center of Ohio, the land of the area is fertile, known as corn, a belt in the US.

The Appalachian Plateau is the largest region of the state. The entire region covers the eastern half of Ohio, and it is replete with the rugged area as well as hills and valleys.

The Bluegrass is an area in the south of the state. This region has cliffs and deep valleys.

Ohio is home to several species like black bears, coyotes, bobcats, american beavers, and white-tailed deer (it is the state’s animal) and many more. Various kinds of species of birds are also spotted in the state like ring-necked pheasants, wild turkeys, great horned owls, red-headed woodpeckers, blue jays, and american robins and many more.

Common trees of Ohio are beech, aspen, pawpaw, boxelder, American elm, and slippery elm and so on.

Ohio is famous for its agricultural products, such as soybeans and corn for grain. Besides this, the state keeps a prominent place in dairy products, eggs, cattle and calves, broilers, floriculture, and many more.

Ohio has some amazing forests. The state’s forest is the natural gateway. Here are the names of some renowned forests of Ohio- Zaleski State Forest, Hocking State Forest, Mohican-Memorial State Forest, Beaver Creek State Forest, Maumee State Forest, Brush Creek State Forest, Sunfish Creek State Forest, Shawnee State Forest, Scioto Trail State Forest, Blue Rock State Forest, etc.

The state has an abundance of Miamian soils, and it covers above 750,000 acres of land in Ohio.

What is the Climate of Ohio?

Ohio has a typical humid continental kind of climate. The state experiences hot and humid conditions in summer. The average summer temperature in the state remains about 32.2°C. The temperature reaches the pinnacle in July. However, the moderate temperature is found in the northeast coastal region during spring and summer. Winters are bitter because the mercury dips below -9.4°C in the northern part of the state during January. The state experiences tornadoes and thunderstorms for the rest of the year, during spring.

The state receives an average annual rainfall of 965.2mm. Cyclones and rainfall occur from October to March. The average monthly rainfall varies from 50.8mm to 127mm. October is the driest month, while April is the wettest month in Ohio. Snowfall in the state varies, it is 406.4mm in the south, 889mm in the northwest while 2286mm in the northeast. The state gets about 2200 hours of sunshine annually.

What is the Economy of Ohio?

Ohio’s economy mainly depends on agricultural products and the manufacturing sector. Some of the agricultural products of the state, such as soybeans, corn for grain, dairy products, greenhouse, and nursery products, generate lots of revenue in the state.

The state is one of the leading producers of eggs in the US. Apart from this, it is the largest wool-producing state in the east of the Mississippi River. Greenhouse and nursery products constitute about 11% of the state’s total agricultural products.

Several fruits are grown extensively in Ohio like apples, grapes, peaches, and strawberries.

Manufacturing is the most significant economic activity in Ohio. The state assembles automobiles and trucks and is also famous for making parts of motor vehicles and aircraft. Some of the major industries of Ohio are- aerospace and defense, energy, healthcare, etc.

Ohio is also known for manufacturing in the production of fabricated metals like structural metal, metal stampings for automobiles, tools and hardware, valves, and pipe fittings, and so on. Gross domestic product of Ohio’s was $676.1 billion in 2018.

What is the Transportation System of Ohio?

There are excellent taxi services in Ohio. To get taxi services people have to call the operator. But the state’s big cities like Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Columbus have public transport facilities. Big cities like Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Columbus have public transport facilities.

State Route 3 is the longest road in Ohio. Its length is 255.60 miles, while Interstate 71 is the second-longest road in the state. Its length is 247.76 miles. There are 21 interstate highways in the state on both primary and auxiliary routes. Major highways of Ohio are-1-77, 1-80, 1-80N, 1-80s, etc.

Amtrak provides three passenger train routes through Ohio. The route connects major cities of Toledo, Cleveland, and Cincinnati.

There are several airports in the state, but famous John Glenn Columbus International Airport is in Columbus, Ohio.

What is the origin of the name “Ohio”?

Ohio derived its name from the Iroquois word, “O-Y-O,” meaning “great river.” Ohio” is an Iroquoian Indian word. The term originated from the Seneca word ohiːyo. It means “great river” or “large creek”.

Why is Ohio called “The Buckeye State”?

One of Ohio’s nicknames is “The Buckeye State”. There was a time when various buckeye trees were covered by Ohio’s hills and plains. The name “buckeye” stems from Native Americans, who called the nut “hetuck,”. It means “buckeye” (because it looks like the eye of a deer). Since then, the state has been famous as the buckeye state”. The buckeye is the official state tree of the state as well.

The other nickname for Ohio is “The Heart for it All”, “Birthplace of Aviation”, and “The Mother of Presidents”.

What are the Popular Tourist Attractions in Ohio?

The most popular tourist destinations in the state are- the Rock and roll hall of fame, the National Museum of the US, cedar point, Amish country, Cleveland museum of art, Cuyahoga Valley National Park, toledo museum of art, Franklin park conservatory and botanical gardens and many more. Apart from this, tourists can enjoy a lot in Ohio.

Facts About Ohio

1. Columbus is the capital as well as the largest city of the state

2. Ohio was admitted to the Union on March 1, 1803, as the 17th State.

3. Ohio is historically known as the Buckeye State. This is with reference to the Ohio buckeye tree. Ohioans are known as Buckeyes.

4. Spread over an area of 116,096, Ohio is the 34th biggest state in the United States in terms of size.

5. About 50 percent of the population lives within a 500-mile radius of Ohio’s capital Columbus.

6. The city of Akron is known as the global rubber capital.

7. In the year 1865, the original ambulance service was set up in Cincinnati.

8. Chillicothe was the original capital of Ohio. In 1816, the capital was moved to Columbus.

9. Oberlin College is the first American institution of higher learning to admit women and black students, in addition to white males.

10. Some notable citizens of Ohio who gained worldwide prominence include inventor Thomas Alva Edison, astronaut Neil Armstrong, American automotive pioneer John Lambert and aviation pioneers the Wright brothers to name a few.

11. The state flag of Ohio has a pennant design. It is the only flag of that design in the USA.

12. Founded in 1804, Ohio University is the first university in the former Northwest Territory as well as in the state. It was founded in 1804 in Athens, Ohio.

13. John Glenn was the first American to Orbit the earth. In 1998, at the age of 77, he became the oldest person to travel in space by serving as a payload specialist on STS-95 aboard the space shuttle Discovery.

14. Seven US Presidents were born in Ohio. These include Ulysses S. Grant, William McKinley, Rutherford B. Hayes, William H. Taft, James A. Garfield, Warren G. Harding and Benjamin Harrison.

15. Ohio became the first state in 1852 to enact laws that protected working women.

16. The Motto of Ohio is ‘With God All Things Are Possible’

17. The flower of Ohio is Red Carnation, while the bird is Cardinal

18. In 1879, Cleveland became the first city in the world to have electric lights.

19. The first permanent settlement in Ohio is Marietta. General Rufus Putnam founded the settlement in 1788. It was named in honor of the then French queen Marie Antoinette.

20 In 1868, Cincinnati Red Stockings became the first professional baseball team.

Related Maps:
Map of USA Depicting Location of Ohio
Location of Ohio
Ohio County Map
Ohio County Map
Map of the United States

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