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About West Virginia
Located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States, West Virginia is the 41st largest state in the country in terms of area. Comprising a population of 1,844,128 as of 2015, West Virginia is the 38th most populous state in the country. Charleston is the capital as well as the largest city of West Virginia. Comprising 55 counties, West Virginia is also referred to by its nickname of Mountain State.
History of West Virginia
Between the years 1607 and 1776, West Virginia formed a part of the British Virginia Colony. Following the American Revolution, it became the western part of the state of Virginia, which it remained till 1863. With the outbreak of the American Civil War, which lasted from 1861 to 1865, people of Virginia voted to secede from the Union. However, the people of the western part of Virginia, which was mountainous and rugged, were opposed to the idea of secession. In support of the Union, they formed their own state and it came to be known as West Virginia. On June 20, 1863, the new state of West Virginia was granted statehood by the Congress. A major coal producing state, West Virginia supplies are 15 percent of the coal of the United States.
Geography of West Virginia
West Virginia covers and area of 24,229.76 square miles. The state shares its borders with Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, Ohio, and Kentucky. West Virginia is largely a mountainous state. With a height of 4,863 feet, Spruce Knob is the highest point in the state. West Virginia has a humid subtropical climate. Other than Spruce Knob, prominent mountains in the state are Spruce Mountain, Mount Porte Crayon, Bald Knob, White Top, among others. Popular rivers in the state are New River, Ohio River, Shenandoah River, Tug Fork, Wheeling Creek, to name a few.
Travel Destinations in West Virginia
West Virginia is dotted with numerous attractions. Seneca Caverns are believed to have been used by the Seneca people for shelter in the early 1400s. Blackwater Falls State Park owes its name to the dark waters of the Blackwater River. Relive the golden age of steam at the Cass Scenic Railroad State Park. Some other popular attractions are West Virginia State Museum at the Culture Center, West Virginia State Capitol, Monongahela National Forest, West Virginia Penitentiary, and Snowshoe to name a few.
Transportation in West Virginia
The major airport of West Virginia is the Yeager Airport located in Charleston. Two routes of Amtrak pass through West Virginia and these are the Cardinal route, which plies between New York and Chicago, and the Capitol Limited, between Washington D.C. And Chicago. Bus service is provided by Greyhound. The main interstates in West Virginia are I-64, I-77, and I-79.
Education in West Virginia
Some popular colleges and universities in West Virginia are West Virginia University, West Virginia State University, West Liberty University, University of Charleston, Shepherd University, and Salem International University, to name a few.
Interesting Facts About West Virginia
- West Virginia holds the distinction of being the only state of the country to have separated from a Confederate state during the American Civil War. It separated from Virginia.
- In 2010, Forbes ranked Morgantown as the 10th best small city in the nation to conduct business.
- West Virginia is a top producer of coal. More Facts...
Map of Cities in West Virginia
Last Updated on: February 22, 2020
Map of West Virginia Counties