New Zealand is noted for its charming and rich history, which reflects its blend of European and Maori culture. The primary inhabitants of New Zealand were the Maori, who came from far-off from Hawaiki, approximately 1,000 years ago. The Maori and the British Crown signed an agreement, known as the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, and with this treaty, British Law was established in the country. It was in 1642, when Abel Tasman founded the country of New Zealand. The Tasman Sea got its name in this Dutchman’s honor.
The Maori and the British Crown signed an agreement, known as the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840. With the introduction of this treaty, British Law was established in the country. The country is dotted with beautiful historic sites, treasures, and colonial buildings. It was in 1642, when Abel Tasman founded the country of New Zealand. This Dutch man was from Holland and the Tasman Sea got its name in his honor.
In 1642, Tasman named New Zealand as Staten Landt, believing that it might be connected to Staten Landt, near Cape Horn, at South America's southern tip. Then, Dutch cartographers, in 1645, bestowed the name Nova Zeelandia, after the Dutch territory of Zeeland. However, subsequently, Captain James Cook, the British explorer anglicized the name to New Zealand.
Neighboring Countries and Major cities
New Zealand’s geography consists of two islands, namely, the South Islands and the North Islands. There are also various smaller islands that are located in the water hemisphere. The neighboring countries of New Zealand are Fiji and Tonga to the north and Australia to the northwest. The country is also home to some major cities, including, Wellington, Auckland, Dunedin, Christchurch, Palmerston North, and Hamilton.
The country is located approximately 2,500 miles from Polynesia and Australia. The primary islands of this country are the North and South Islands, Stewart Island, the Chatham Islands, Great Barrier Island, d'Urville Island, and Waiheke Island. With more than 700 offshore islands, the country can be termed as an ‘archipelago.’ The country is also home to several rivers, mountain peaks, and sea ports.
Points of Interest
Each destination in New Zealand has its own unique charm. If one is in search of some fabulous urban panoramas here, then some of the options that one can have are:
- Mount Eden, Auckland
- One Tree Hill, Auckland
- Mount Victoria, Wellington
- Top of the Port Hills, Christchurch
- Flagstaff Hill, Dunedin
Other scenic highlights to note and worth a visit are; Mount Hikurangi on East Cape and Mount Iron in Wanaka. The Pancake Rocks at Punakaiki, and the unusual boulders at Moeraki are something that one cannot afford to miss. On a leisure day, one can also take a stroll by the streets of Katikati and explore the murals that speak of the town’s rich and varied history.
The country’s national parks embrace over 11,580 square miles (30,000 square km) and most visitors plan their visit simply to explore the natural wonders of these parks. On a tour to New Zealand, ensure planning to visit the famous parks, including, TeUrewera, Tongariro, Whanganui, Egmont, Abel Tasman, and Kahurangi.
New Zealand is populated with some wonderful and world class beaches. The popular beaches that are worth visiting are:
- Bay of Islands, Northland
- Mount Maunganui, Bay of Plenty
- Raglan, Hamilton-Waikato
- Tawharanui, Auckland
- The Coromandel, Auckland
- Abel Tasman National Park, Nelson
- Piha, Auckland
The country is well connected through its three global airports at Christchurch, Wellington, and Auckland. Flights can also be availed from East Australia and it takes about 3.5 hours to fly to either of the international airports and to Dunedin, Queenstown, Palmerston North, or Hamilton. One can also avail direct flights to New Zealand from Europe and the United States.
Another way through which one can reach New Zealand is by sea. One can either go in for a cruise liner or a yacht for reaching this destination. There are certain cruises that can be availed from different places in America and Australia to New Zealand. There is also the option of sailing your own boat to New Zealand.
Last Updated on: February 21, 2019