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Which Are The Countries That Make Up Oceania? - Answers

Questions answered : 1030||Last updated on : October 17th, 2018 At 09:20am (ET)
Answers » Regions » Which Are The Countries That Make Up Oceania?

Which Are The Countries That Make Up Oceania?

Oceania is a region of the South Pacific Ocean that consists of many different island groups.

Oceania is often mistakenly called a continent. Oceania is, in fact, the name used to refer to a collection of islands scattered across the Pacific Ocean. While different accounts of Oceania vary about its spread and limit, the most commonly accepted definition of Oceania excludes Japan, Philippines, Indonesia, and Taiwan. Traditionally, the region of Oceania is divided into – Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, and Australasia.

Here is a list of the sovereign countries that are part of Oceania (according to area) –

Country Area (in square miles)

  • Australia: 2.97 million
  • Papua New Guinea: 178,704
  • New Zealand: 103,483
  • Solomon Islands: 10,965
  • Fiji: 7056
  • Vanuatu: 4706
  • Samoa: 1097
  • Kiribati: 313
  • Tonga: 289
  • Federated States of Micronesia: 271
  • Palau: 180
  • Marshall Islands: 70
  • Tuvalu: 10
  • Nauru: 8

Parts of Indonesia are included in Oceania while others are considered to be outside the Oceanic region (in Asia). Some 162,371 square miles of Indonesia (total area – 735,358 square miles) fall in Oceania. It has, however, not been included in our rankings because it is difficult to segregate two regions in the same country.

Apart from these countries, Oceania is also made up of a number of islands that are dependencies or exist in free association. Niue and Cook Islands, for example, exist in a free association with New Zealand. American Samoa and French Polynesia are dependencies.

Here is a list of dependencies in the region of Oceania –

  • American Samoa (USA)
  • Cook Islands (free association with New Zealand)
  • French Polynesia (France)
  • Guam (USA)
  • New Caledonia (France)
  • Niue (free association with New Zealand)
  • Norfolk Island (Australia)
  • Northern Mariana Islands (USA)
  • Pitcairn Islands (UK)
  • Tokelau (New Zealand)
  • Wake Island (USA)
  • Wallis and Futuna (France)

Divisions of Oceania –

Australasia includes Australia and New Zealand;

Melanesia includes Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu;

Micronesia includes Kiribati, Federated States of Micronesia, Marshall Islands, Palau, and Nauru;

Polynesia includes Samoa, Tonga, and Tuvalu.

Related Maps and Articles:

Oceania Map
Oceania Map
Oceania Location Map
Oceania Location Map
Infographic on Oceania Facts
Infographic on Oceania Facts
Flags of Oceania Countries
Flags of Oceania Countries

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