Most Viewed New Jersey Maps
Initially New Jersey was inhabited by a group of Native Americans. Amongst the most dominant ones were the Lenni-Lenape or what they are also commonly called the Delaware Indians. At the time the first explorers entered, the Delaware Indians
It was Giovanni de Verrazano, who in 1524 first set out to explore the Jersey Coast and the Sandy Hook. However, it was the sailing of Henry Hudson through Newark Bay in 1609 that initiated the colonial history of New Jersey. The Swedes, Dutch, and the Finns became the first European settlers in New Jersey. There began the development of small trading colonies and Bergen established in 1660 became the first European settlement.
In the year 1664, the British took control of New Netherlands and made it a part of their colonies. The land was divided and proprietorship was granted to Sir George Carteret and Lord John Berkley. This led to the division of the region into the east and the west and the split was mentioned in the 1676 Quintipartite Deed. Carteret and Berkeley both sold their lands later and give the settlers the right to political and religious freedom.
As administered by the royal governor of New York, New Jersey was conferred a united crown colony in the year 1702. Finally, in the year 1738, New Jersey recognized its independence from New York when Lewis Morris became its governor. Then, in June 1776, a constitution was adopted by the provincial congress and New Jersey was granted statehood.
Because of its strategic location close to the center of the thirteen colonies and between Philadelphia and the New York City, the state of New Jersey came to play a pivotal role during the Revolutionary War. It was the center of many battles with the Americans and the British fighting 100 battles here itself. The Battle of Trenton was a turning point in the revolution. General George Washington won two successive battles; the battle of Trenton and the battle of Princeton. This made the British flee New Jersey, having lost two battles in an hour.
New Jersey became the third state in 1787 that ratified the US Constitution. It was also the first state that signed the Bill of Rights. Trenton was officially declared the state capital of New Jersey in the year 1790 and William Livingston its first state governor.
The next 50 years saw a rapid economic growth, industrial growth, and a move towards a more democratic state government. Textile industries prospered at Paterson. There was a sprung in shoe, potteries, and brick factories. New canals, new roads, and railroads were developed which in turn helped in the development of various industry. Chemical industry is regarded as the greatest industry here today. Along with it, the state is also one of the most important research centers in the world.
Bordered by New York on the north, the Atlantic Ocean on the east, the Delaware Bay and the Atlantic Ocean on the south, and Pennsylvania and the Delaware Bay on the west, the state of New Jersey is located in the Middle Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. It is the 47th largest state or in other words the 4th smallest state covering a total area of 8,722 square miles. Popular cities and towns of New Jersey are Montclair, Clinton, Jersey City, Morristown, Newark, Trenton, etc.
The state of New Jersey can be geographically divided into four main land regions; The Piedmont, the Atlantic Coastal Plain, the Appalachian Ridge and Valley Region, and lastly the New England Upland. Atlantic Coastal Plain is the largest land area and covers 3/5 of the southern part of New Jersey. The Piedmont comprises of the northeast part of Atlantic Coastal Plain. New England Upland lies on the western part of Peidmont while the Appalachian Ridge and Valley Region occupies the northwest corner of the state of New Jersey.
The highest point in the state is High Point and is at 1,803 feet above the sea level and the lowest point in the state is the Atlantic Ocean at the sea level. The major rivers of the state are Delaware River and the Hudson River while the major lake is Lake Hopatcong.
Average monthly temperatures range from a low of 24.2 degree Fahrenheit to a high of about 85.6 degree Fahrenheit. The highest temperature was recorded on 10 July 1936 at Runyon, when the temperature soared up to 110 degree Fahrenheit. The lowest temperature was recorded at River Yale on 5 January 1904, when the temperature went down to –34 degree Fahrenheit.
There is so much to see and to do at New Jersey that it has been aptly classified as “America in Miniature.” It has been nicknamed the Garden State owing to the large number of state parks within the state. The Jersey shore is the most frequented place of New Jersey and it draws a huge number of visitors, especially during the summer months. Some of the top places to visit during the stay in New Jersey are:
- Atlantic City Boardwalk
- Cape May
- Six Flags Great Adventure and Wild Safari
- Ocean City
- Long Beach Island
- Casino Pier and Breakwater Beach Water Park
- Liberty State Park
- Harvey Cedars
- Adventure Aquarium
- Liberty Science Center
- Beach Haven
- Battleship New Jersey
- New Jersey State Museum
Last Updated : September 11, 2014