The state of Georgia is located in southeastern United States. It is nicknamed the 'Peach State' for growing the fruit in abundance. The state's capital and largest city is Atlanta. Of the 50 US states, Georgia is the 24th largest in terms of area and ranked eighth in terms of population. The number of counties in Georgia stands at 159, the second largest in the the United States after Texas.
History of Georgia
Long before the arrival of the Europeans in the 18th century, Georgia was inhabited by people belonging to the Mound Building cultures. However, the state came into contact with the Europeans for the first time on February 12, 1733, when James Oglethorpe founded it as a British colony.
During the War of Jenkins' Ear, the Spanish invaded Georgia in 1742. In 1752, Georgia became a crown colony and was administered by a governor appointed by the king. Georgia played a pivotal role in the American Revolution and was one of the 13 colonies that revolted against the British rule in the country.
A big moment in the history of Georgia came in 1829 when gold was found in the North Georgia mountains. This spectacular discovery resulted in the Georgia Gold Rush. The state also played a prominent role in the Civil War that had engulfed the country in the mid 19th century. Georgia had joined the confederacy in early 1861. It was restored to the Union in 1870.
Geography of Georgia
Situated in the southeastern part of the county, Georgia covers an area of 59,425 square miles. Georgia shares its borders with Alabama, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee. Georgia has a varied flora and fauna. It is estimated that around 250 tree species and some 58 protected plants exist in the state. Some of the state's native trees are red cedar, hollies, oaks, cypress, sweetgum, among others.
Though White-tailed (Virginia) deer can be spotted in abundance, Georgia makes a perfect spot for a variety of birds and animals such as northern mockingbird, brown thrasher, salamanders, frogs, alligators, toads, whales, blue crabs, oysters, among others.
Most parts of the state basically experience a humid subtropical climate, where summers are mostly hot and humid. Standing at 1,458 meters above mean sea level, Brasstown Bald is the highest mountain in Georgia. Other mountains in some other prominent mountains in the state are Rabun Bald, Arabia Mountain, Big Bald Mountain, Black Mountain and Blood Mountain. Major rivers that run through the state are Altamaha River, the Savannah River and the Suwannee River.
Georgia is a marvelous destination and every year thousands of tourists from around the world visit the state to experience its many attractions. Situated in the city of Atlanta is the Martin Luther King Jr. National Historic Site. Martin Luther was the tallest leader of the US civil rights movement and here one can find his birthplace and grave.
Situated in the Plains is the Jimmy Carter National Historic Site. Here, visitors can catch a glimpse of the former president's boyhood home and farm among others. Known as the “millionaires island”, Jekyll Island is a popular tourist attraction. The Chattahoochee National Forest is perfect for sightseeing, hiking, camping, and much more. Some other prominent attractions in the state include Callaway Gardens, Ocmulgee National Monument, Forsyth Park, and Okefenokee Swamp to name a few.
Transportation in Georgia
Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport is the most prominent airport in the state and is located in Atlanta. It is situated approximately 8 miles south of downtown and since 1998, has been the world's busiest airport. MARTA or the Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority is the main rapid transit system that operates in the Atlanta metropolitan area.
Education in Georgia
There are over 70 public colleges, universities, and technical colleges in the state, with 45 institutions of private higher learning. The oldest public university in the US is located in Georgia - which is the University of Georgia, with a highly rated research program. Georgia is also home to Berry College in the city of Rome - containing the largest college campus in the world.
Georgia is the leading producer in the US of peanuts, pecans, and peaches.
Coca-Cola was invented in Atlanta, Georgia.
As ranked by Nielsen Media Research, the Atlanta metropolitan area is the ninth largest media market in the entire country.
Last Updated on : September 29, 2016
|1||Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park||9,036 acres (3,657 ha) federal: 8,973 acres (3,631 ha)||19. Aug. 1890||Catoosa, Dade, & Walker counties, Georgia & Hamilton County, Tennessee, United States|
|2||Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area||9,791 acres (3,962 ha) 5,072 acres (2,053 ha) federal||15. Aug. 1978||Cobb, Forsyth, Fulton, & Gwinnett counties, Georgia, USA|