About Georgia Map : Georgia is located in the southeastern part of the United States. It is the 8th most populous state, with Atlanta its capital and most populous city. The state is also known as Peach State and the Empire State of the South. It was named after King George II of Great Britain when the region became a British colony claiming it under the British empire. The founding of the state was administered by the a charter issued by then King George II to the Trustees for the Establishment of the Colony of Georgia.
Before the first Europeans arrived in the region, it was inhabited by mound building cultures. The state was founded by James Oglethorpe on February 12, 1733,
In 1742, the state was invaded by Spain during the War of Jenkin's Ear but a conquest never occurred. In 1752, control of the state was turned over by the Trustees to the British empire, making the state a crown colony.
Georgia was one of the 13 original colonies to revolt against the British rule, supporting the Declaration of Independence in 1776. The state became the 4th to join the Union on January 2, 1788.
Georgia is bordered to the south by Florida, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean and South Carolina, Alabama to the west, and North Carolina and Tennessee to the north.
Georgia is the largest state east of the Mississippi River in terms of land area but 4th in total area. The northern part of the state is part of the Blue Ridge Mountains, which is part of the famous Appalachian mountain system.
The state's highest point is the Brasstown Bald, which has a height of 4,784 feet.
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Georgia has the 39th highest per capita personal income in the country and if it were a country on its own, it would be the 28th largest economy in the world.
There are currently 15 Fortune 500 companies and 26 Fortune 1000 companies with headquarters in Georgia. Some of these big-name companies are Coca-Cola, UPS, and Home Depot. The Hartfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport is regarded as the busiest in the world - with the most number of passenger and aircraft traffic.
Georgia is known for its peaches, with the state's nickname even being The Peach State. They are the #1 producers of peaches in the country, but more notably, they are the #1 producer of pecans in the world. Its other agricultural produce include poultry and eggs, cotton, peanuts, and dairy products.
The state's other important industries are mining and tourism.
The state is known for its large number of national parks, with a total of 63 - with 48 of them being state parks and the rest being historic sites. The Stone Mountain park is one of the most popular in the country. Stone Mountain is a popular quartz monzonite dome with a height of 1,686 feet. It is regarded as the largest single mass exposed granite in the entire world. It features the largest bas relief in the world with 3 figures carved on the center and front of the massive rock formation. The park features several walking trails, including one that leads to the summit of the mountain, a plantation and barnyard, and several natural features that make this tourist destination a must-see in Georgia.
The Golden Isles is another popular travel destination in Georgia. It composes a string of 4 barrier islands with elite resorts visited by some of the world's wealthiest families. The islands feature beautiful, private beaches and world-class golf courses.
Other notable tourist attractions in the state include the famous World of Coca Cola - which is a permanent exhibition of the company's history; and the Georgia Aquarium, which is the biggest in the world.
There are over 70 public colleges, universities, and technical colleges in the state, with 45 institutions of private higher learning. The oldest public university in the US is located in Georgia - which is the University of Georgia, with a highly rated research program. Georgia is also home to Berry College in the city of Rome - containing the largest college campus in the world.
Funded by the state lottery, the state offers the HOPE Scholarship for higher education to high school graduates who meet the standards and requirements of the said scholarship.
Last Update On : October 14, 2014
Official Name georgia
Official LanguageEnglish ( Spoken : English, Spanish (7.42%)
Time ZoneEastern: UTC ?5/?4
Lt. GovernorCasey Cagle
U.S. SenatorSaxby Chambliss, Johnny Isakson
AbbreviationGA, Ga. US-GA
Joined the UnionJanuary 2, 1788 (4th)
Highest PointBrasstown Bald
Lowest PointAtlantic Ocean