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Puerto Rico Map

The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is an archipelago, located in the northeastern Caribbean. It is an unincorporated territory of the United States of American and is situated east of the Dominican Republic and west of United States Virgin Islands and the British Virgin Islands.
Map of Puerto Rico
San Juan Map
Description : Puerto Rico political map features the international boundary, the country boundaries with their capitals, national capital and other important cities. Disclaimer
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Disclaimer : All efforts have been made to make this image accurate. However Compare Infobase Limited,its directors and employees do not own any responsibility for the correctness or authenticity of the same.

Puerto Rico History
Puerto Rico was discovered by Christopher Columbus on November 19, 1493, during his 2nd voyage to the New World. He named it San Juan Bautista. Upon his arrival on the island, Columbus was met with peaceful and friendly Taino or Arawak Indians who shared their food and homes with him and his men.
In 1508, Juan Ponce de Leon colonized Borinquen and became Puerto Rico's first governor. The Spaniards had an exploitative agenda on the islands and made slaves of the Indians in their search for gold. The island remained undeveloped until 1830, when sugar and other plantations were built, coinciding with the arrival of African slaves.

Many families from Europe came to the region and married Taino Indians, creating a new ethnic group called the Criollos.

Upon pressure from the nationalist locals for independence, the region was granted self-government by the Spanish in 1897. However, during the Spanish-American War in 1898, the United States invaded Puerto Rico and Spain surrendered. Puerto Rico then became a United States territory.

Under the Jones Act of 1917, Puerto Ricans were granted American citizenship. In 1952, Puerto Rico's Constitution established self-governance.

Puerto Rico has since fought to make the region a US state but its political status remains to be that of a US territory.

Geography
Puerto Rico is located between the Caribbean Sea and the Northern Atlantic Ocean. It is found to the east of the Dominican Republic and to the West of the Virgin Islands.

It is an archipelago consisting of the mainland plus other smaller islands such as the Culebra, Mona, Vieques, Desecho, and Caja de Muertos. Vieques andCulebra are the only two smaller islands that are inhabited throughout the year.

A few other smaller islands are also a part of Puerto Rico, which are the Monito islet and La Isleta de San Juan, where the historic Old San Juan is found. These smaller islands are connected to the mainland by bridges.

Polities
Puerto Rico has a republican form of government, with powers that are subject to the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United States. The head of state is the President of the US and the head of government is the country's Governor.

The territory has 3 branches of government: executive, legislative, and judicial. Executive power is exercised by the Governor and Legislative power is exercised by the bicameral legislature, which is the Legislative Assembly. The Governor and the legislators of senators and representatives are elected into office by popular vote.

Travel
Puerto Rico is one of the most popular travel destinations in the Caribbean. US citizens don't need a passport to travel to the islands, its official languages are English and Spanish, and the official currency is also the US dollar, which make the islands very accessible for travelers. Puerto Rico is known for its beaches and there's never a lack of great beaches to spend the day. Among the most secluded and unspoiled is Flamenco Beach in Culebrita on the island of Culebra. It can only be reached by water taxi or private boat and it's less crowded than the star attraction beaches found all around Puerto Rico's main island.

Another beach with a laid-back atmosphere is Sandy Beach on the western coast. It has the best surf breaks on the archipelago and it's considered to be the best beach for swimming.

For the most charming and romantic destination in Puerto Rico, the best place to go is Old San Juan. It is packed with colonial architecture, cultural offerings, an abundance of shops, museums, open-air cafes, plazas, and historic places. The most popular is the Castillo de San Felipe del Morro or famously known as El Morro. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the Fort that protected the island for many years from invaders. It sits on a hill that overlooks the ocean, and it's filled with cannons facing the sea, old barracks, dungeons, and rooms that represent Puerto Rico's military history.

Education
Education is free and compulsory in Puerto Rico for students aged 5-18. Education is divided into 3 levels: primary, secondary, and high level. The territory's literacy rate is 94.1% and over 60% of the population have a high school education. However, among students who enter high school, about 40% of them drop out and never finish.

Homeschooling is legal in Puerto Rico but it is neither regulated or legislated.

Trivia
  • Rum is the island's chief export and 70% of the rum sold in the US are from Puerto Rico. The legal drinking age on the islands is 18.
  • Temperatures on the islands range from 70-80 degrees Fahrenheit all year round.
  • Although Puerto Rico is a US territory, they compete separately in the Miss Universe pageant and have won a total of 5 times. They also compete in the Olympics where they have won a total of 6 gold medals.
IW20150105
MunicipalityPopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)
Adjuntas19,14317367
Aguada42,0427830
Aguadilla64,6859436
Aguas Buenas29,0327830
Aibonito26,4938031
Añasco28,34810440
Arecibo100,131329127
Arroyo19,1173915
Barceloneta22,3226224
Barranquitas28,9098834
Bayamon224,04411544
Cabo Rojo46,91118571
Caguas140,50215259
Camuy35,24412147
Canovanas43,3357629
Carolina186,07612046
Cataño30,071145
Cayey47,37013151
Ceiba18,0047027
Ciales19,81117266
Cidra42,7539336
Coamo37,59720278
Comerio20,0027328
Corozal36,86711042
Culebra1,8682811
Dorado34,0176023
Fajardo40,7128031
Florida12,3672610
Guanica21,8889336
Guayama44,30117066
Guayanilla23,07210942
Guaynabo100,0537027
Gurabo36,7437328
Hatillo38,92510942
Hormigueros16,6142811
Humacao59,03511745
Isabela44,44414556
Jayuya17,31810440
Juana Diaz50,53115861
Juncos36,4526826
Lajas26,26115761
Lares34,41516162
Las Marias11,06111946
Las Piedras34,4858633
Loiza32,5376224
Luquillo19,8176726
Manati45,40911846
Maricao6,4499637
Maunabo12,7415421
Mayaguez98,43419876
Moca39,69713050
Morovis29,96510139
Naguabo23,75313653
Naranjito29,7097328
Orocovis23,84416463
Patillas20,15212347
Penuelas26,71911645
Ponce186,475301116
Quebradillas25,4506023
Rincon14,7673614
Rio Grande52,36215961
Sabana Grande25,9359336
Salinas31,11318069
San German37,10514054
San Juan434,37412247
San Lorenzo40,99713954
San Sebastian44,20418471
Santa Isabel21,6658934
Toa Alta63,9297127
Toa Baja94,0856224
Trujillo Alto75,7285421
Utuado35,336298115
Vega Alta37,9107328
Vega Baja61,92912147
Vieques9,10613552
Villalba27,9139637
Yabucoa39,24614255
Yauco46,38417869
78 municipalities3,808,6108,8913,429

Note  : -Population: 2000-04-01 census.

Last Updated : January 8, 2015


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