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The state of Nebraska is located in both the Great Plains region and the Midwestern region of the United States. Nicknamed the “Cornhusker State,” it is the 16th largest state in the US. Omaha is the largest city and state capital is Lincoln. The state is divided into 93 counties.
History of Nebraska
Several indigenous tribes such as Omaha, Missouria, Ponca, Pawnee, and Otoe inhabited the region for thousands of years before the first European contact in the late 17th century.
Over the next decades, Spanish and French explorers established trade relations with the Apaches. The territory was claimed by both France and Spain and was a part of the Louisiana territory. In 1762, under the Treaty of Fontainebleau after the Seven Years' War, France ceded the region to Spain.
Following the purchase of Louisiana by the United States in 1803, Nebraska came under the its rule. The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 created Nebraska Territory, but the territory received its present shape only in 1861. During the American Civil War, the territory raised 3,000 men for the Union Army. In March 1867, Nebraska was admitted as the 37th state of the US.
Geography of Nebraska
The state borders South Dakota to the north, Iowa to the east, Missouri to the southeast, Kansas to the south, Colorado to the southwest, and Wyoming to the west. It covers a total area of more than 77,220 square miles. Nebraska has two prominent land regions: Great Plains to its west and Dissected Till Plains to its east. Western Nebraska consists of diverse topography with regions like the Sand Hills, the Pine Ridge, and the Wildcat Hills. The significant rivers of the state are the Platte, Niobrara, and the Republican rivers.
Nebraska experiences two different kinds of climate. The eastern part has a humid continental climate and the western part has a semi-arid climate. The summers are hot and winters are fairly cold across the state. It is also prone to thunderstorms. The Chinook winds also influence the climate of Nebraska. Panorama Point near the Colorado border, at an elevation of 1,655 meters, is the highest natural point in Nebraska.
Travel Destinations in Nebraska
Known as a state of benevolent people, Nebraska holds many natural and historical attractions up its sleeve. Often ranked as the world's best zoo, Henry Doorly Zoo & Aquarium houses up to 17,000 animals belonging to 962 species. It features the world's largest indoor rainforest & desert ecosystem as well as the largest cat complex in North America. Cobblestone streets and renovated 19th-century buildings in Old Market in Omaha allow a glimpse into life of pioneers.
The dramatic spire of Chimney Rock National Historic Site beckons thousands of tourists every year. Hiking trails in Scotts Bluff National Monument offer breathtaking views of the surrounding countryside. The Strategic Air Command & Aerospace Museum, Great Platte River Road Archway Monument, Sunken Gardens, Rock Island Railroad Depot Museum, and Ashfall Fossil Beds are prominent tourist attractions in Nebraska.
Transportation in Nebraska
Eppley International Airport (OMA) is the busiest airport in Nebraska.
Amtrak stations in Omaha, Lincoln, Holdrege, Hastings, and McCook are served daily by the California Zephyr train.
The 480-mile-long I-80 is the primary east-west interstate highway in Nebraska. US 30, US 20, and US 2 are other notable routes.
Education in Nebraska
The Nebraska State College System comprises three public colleges: Wayne State College, Peru State College, and Chadron State College. University of Nebraska is the state's flagship public university and has four campuses. Bellevue University, Clarkson College, and Concordia University are some of the private colleges in Nebraska.
Facts about Nebraska
- It is the only US state that is nonpartisan and has only one house.
- Nebraska has more miles of river and more underground water reserves than any other state in the US. More Facts...
Last Updated on: February 22, 2020
Map of Cities in Nebraska