Area77,354 sq mi
Population1,881,503 (2014 est)
Time ZoneCentral: UTC 6/5, Mountain: UTC 7/6
Lt. GovernorMike Foley
U.S. SenatorBen Sasse, Deb Fischer
Joined the UnionMarch 1, 1867
Highest PointPanorama Point
Lowest PointMissouri River at Kansas border
Location and Geography:
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Nebraska is a Midwestern state that is made up entirely of a plains landscape. Despite some problems with droughts and grasshopper swarms, it is a prime location for agriculture and remains largely made up of farms.
Counties and Regions:
Nebraska is comprised of 93 counties and straddles two time zones, the Central Time Zone and the Mountain Time Zone. Here are some of the more general regions of Nebraska:
- Nebraska Panhandle
- Northwest Nebraska
- Pine Ridge
- Rainwater Basin
- Sand Hills
- Southeast Nebraska
- Wildcat Hills
Nebraska’s population is about 1,820,000, putting it in the bottom third of the country’s most populated states. With many of its citizens living in rural communities, it is also in the top ten least densely populated states.
The largest city in Nebraska is, without a doubt, the city of Omaha. This formal capital of the territory has more than 400,000 people, with more than 880,000 people in its metropolitan area. The current state capital, Lincoln, is the second-biggest city with a metropolitan area encompassing around 300,000 people.
Story Behind the Name:
The name “Nebraska” was created from a Native American phrase that meant “flat water,” referring to the state’s Platte River.
History and Colonization:
Nebraska, being in a relatively remote area of the United States, remained unsettled by Europeans for many years. Spanish and French explorers and traders passed through the region, but although the European powers made claims of ownership, they never sent troops to enforce them. The United States began setting up forts and trading posts in Nebraska after acquiring it as part of the Louisiana Purchase, but the non-native population remained low for many decades.
The numbers of white settlers in Nebraska increased as people streamed across the Oregon Trail and into California.
The Native Americans slowly bartered away their lands or were pushed out by U.S. troops, to be replaced by American migrants and European immigrants looking to farm the territory’s rich soil. The Nebraska Territory was originally a huge chunk of land that encompassed several other present-day states, but in the years following the Civil War pieces were carved out to form other territories such as those of Idaho, Dakota, and Colorado.
Nebraska joined the Union during the American Civil War and contributed men and cavalry for the war effort, but no battles were fought in its territory. It was granted statehood shortly after the war, and soon saw a huge influx of settlers as the railroad system extended into the American Midwest. The land was parceled out to would-be farmers, and trade flourished at the railway stations and the towns that sprung up around them.
Nebraska was, and still remains, a primarily agricultural state, but a great deal of industrial growth occurred with the coming of World War II in the 1940s. Many African-Americans made their way to the state in search of factory jobs, and played a major role in the evolution of the Civil Rights Movement and the labor movements in cities like Omaha. Even today, Nebraska remains a center of populist and civil rights activities for several groups.
More Nebraska Facts & Trivia
1) The state of Nebraska is nicknamed "The Cornhusker State". Earlier, the nickname of the state was the "Tree Planter's State".
2) The capital of Nebraska is Lincoln and the biggest city is Omaha.
3) At one time, the state was regarded as a segment of the Great American Desert.
4) Nebraska shares its boundaries with Iowa, South Dakota, Kansas, Missouri, Wyoming, and Colorado.
5) Before achieving statehood, the area was known as Nebraska Territory. It was admitted to the Union on March 1, 1867 and became the 37th state of the country.
6) Whale hunting is prohibited in the state.
7) The state covers a total area of 77,354 sq miles and is the 16th biggest state of the country.
8) Omaha is the hometown of Marlon Brando, the famous Hollywood actor.
9) The official motto of the state is "Equality before the law".
10) The official flower is the Goldenrod.
11) The official anthem is "Beautiful Nebraska".
12) The state is known for many famous residents such as Fred Astaire, Marlon Brando, Montgomery Clift, Richard B. Cheney, Gerald Ford, James Coburn, Henry Fonda, David Janssen, and Nick Nolte.
13) The European Honeybee is the state insect of Nebraska.
14) The Reuben Sandwich was first prepared in this state.
15) The official gemstone is the Blue Agate.
16) The highest point of the state is the Panorama Point and its altitude is 5,424 feet.
17) Nebraska is home to more lengths of river than any other state in the country.
18) Prague hosts the biggest Kolache Festival in the world.
19) The state houses the famous Union Pacific Railroad Museum.
20) The state fish is the Channel Catfish.
Last Updated on: September 29th, 2017