|Area||5,544 square miles|
|Land Area||4,845 square miles|
|Water Area||698 square miles|
|Highest point||Bear Mountain, 2380 feet above sea level|
|Lowest point||Border between the state and Long Island Sound, Sea level|
|Highest temperature||106 degrees Fahrenheit|
|Lowest temperature||-32 degrees Fahrenheit|
|Geographic Center||Located in Hartford County, in East Berlin|
Connecticut is located in the northeastern region of United States. It shares its borders with Long Island Sound to the south, New York State to the west, Massachusetts to the north, and Rhode Island to the east.
- Eastern New England Upland: This region is characterized by narrow river valleys and low hills. The section that stretches from Connecticut to Maine is heavily forested.
- Coastal Lowlands: This area forms a narrow strip of land, approximately 6 to 16 miles wide. It runs along the southern shore of the state and are characterized by lower ridges and beaches.
The shoreline of Connecticut has a borderline humid subtropical climate, while the interior parts have humid continental climate. It is a moderately humid state with hot and humid summers. Winters are generally cold and average yearly snowfall ranges from 20 to 60 inches.
Thunderstorms are frequent in this region and the state usually averages a tornado every year.
Candlewood Lake is the largest lake located in Fairfield, Connecticut. It is also the largest man-made lake in the country. It has a surface area of 8.4 square miles. Bantam Lake is the largest natural lake in the state. Other notable lakes in the region are Lake Saltonstall, Lake Zoar, Lake Beseck, and Squantz Pond.
Connecticut River is the longest river in New England. It starts from the Fourth Connecticut Lake in New Hampshire and flows through Connecticut, Massachusetts, Vermont, and New Hampshire. Yantic River, Niantic River, Scantic River, and Farmington River are other notable rivers in the state.Mountains
Bear Mountain is the highest mountain summit in Connecticut. Other mountain ranges in the state are Red Mountain, Bald Peak, Round Mountain. Dennis Hill, Brown Mountain, and Stone Man Mountain.