Location and Geography:
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Connecticut is bordered by two major East Coast states, Massachusetts and New York, and serves as a suburb for many of their city workers. Connecticut has been historically important due to its major waterways and easy access to the Atlantic Ocean.
Counties and Regions:
The state of Connecticut has eight counties, but unusually, it has no county governments. It has instead been divided into fifteen administrative regions, most of which have their own governing bodies. The official regions of Connecticut are as follows:
- Capitol Region
- Central Connecticut Region
- Central Naugatuck Valley Region
- Connecticut River Estuary Region
- Greater Bridgeport Region
- Housatonic Valley Region
- Litchfield Hills Region
- Lower Naugatuck Valley Region
- Midstate Connecticut Region
- Northeastern Connecticut Region
- Northwestern Connecticut Region
- South Central Connecticut Region
- Southeastern Connecticut Region
- Southwestern Connecticut Region
- Windham Region
Connecticut has the third-smallest land area in the United States, but has a relatively high population of more than 3.5 million. Many people are concentrated in its western counties, which are technically included in the metropolitan area of New York City.
Hartford can be found on the Connecticut River in the middle of the state, and is Connecticut’s capital. Its greater metropolitan area, with more than 1.2 million people, is the largest metropolitan area within Connecticut. Bridgeport and New Haven, however, have higher city populations than Hartford, likely due to their proximity to New York.
Story Behind the Name:
Like many places in New England, Connecticut’s name is an Anglicized form of a Native American word, in this case a phrase that likely meant “upon the long river.”
History and Colonization:
Modern-day Connecticut was originally a Dutch colony in the seventeenth century, but encroachment by English colonists soon pushed the Dutch out of the area (and out of all of
New England soon after). Several Native American tribes lived in the Connecticut region, some of whom allied with the English colonists and others of whom fought against them. Most of the natives were eventually killed either by warfare or smallpox, but the few descendants that remain in the state possess one of the wealthiest reservations in the country due to the success of their casinos.
The colony of Connecticut was officially formed when a royal charter joined together three English towns in the area. Connecticut citizens became known for their religious, steadfast, and conservative culture. They created a formal government early on and did not deviate much from it, not even after the American Revolution. The region proved to be an important battleground during the war, and survived more than one invasion by British forces. Federalist sentiments ran strong in the state, and representatives from Connecticut helped to write many of these views into the new United States Constitution after the war was over.
In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, an explosion of inventors from Connecticut (such as Eli Whitney) greatly advanced technology in North America. The state developed a strongly industrial economy, and its products were crucial to the victory of the Union in the ensuing Civil War. After the war, Connecticut’s factories attracted many unskilled workers from European countries and African-Americans from the South. The sudden influx of immigrants made Connecticut’s culture much more diverse and Catholic, which did not always go over well with the traditional, Protestant roots of the state.
Beginning in the later part of the twentieth century, Connecticut’s industrial lifeblood took some major hits. The Cold War ended, putting a stop to many of the military projects that had sustained the state’s economy. And although Connecticut’s high-income areas remained as upscale as ever, its poor urban areas became increasingly crime-ridden. An economic switch from factories to a service- and finance-based economy has helped Connecticut to turn things around somewhat.
More Connecticut Facts & Trivia
1) The first telephone directory ever circulated had just 50 entries. In February 1878, it was printed by the New Haven District Telephone Company in New Haven.
2) The USS Nautilus, the oldest nuclear power driven submarine in the world was made in Groton in 1954.
3) The 18th Amendment, also known as Prohibition, was never signed by Rhode Island and Connecticut.
4) Copper was first found in Simsbury in 1705. Subsequently, the copper mine turned into the notorious New-Gate Prison of the War for Independence. The first copper currency in the United States Doctor was introduced by Samuel Higley of Simsbury in 1737.
5) The oldest public library in the U.S. is the Scoville Memorial Library. The compilation of the library started in 1771. Richard Smith, the proprietor of a neighboring blast furnace, made use of donations from the society for purchasing 200 books in London. Sponsors could take and bring back books on the third Monday of each third month. Fines were taken for losses, the most familiar being "staining" by wax trickling from the lights with which the sponsors studied the books.
6) A gathering at Salisbury town chose to sanction the "selectmen draw upon the town treasurer for the sum of one hundred dollars" for buying additional books for the compilation of Scoville Memorial Library on April 9, 1810, which made it the oldest community-backed complimentary town library in the country.
7) The first lady to obtain a United States patent was Mary Kies, a resident of South Killingly. She received it on May 15, 1809 for a process of threading plant fiber with fabric.
8) 21 daring inhabitants of New Haven were the oldest subscribers to telephone exchange facilities in the world. They took this on January 28, 1878.
9) The oldest business community was established at Naugatuck Valley in the United States.
10) Livestock branding in America was first introduced in Connecticut while it was necessary under law for the cultivators to blot all of their pigs.
11) You might not, in any conditions, cross the road walking on your hands in Hartford.
12) Connecticut houses the first newspaper in the United States, which is still in print. The name of the newspaper is The Hartford Courant, and it was founded in 1764.
13) Around 144 newspapers are printed in the state of Connecticut. These newspapers are categorized into monthly, daily, weekly, and Sunday newspapers.
14) Connecticut is the birthplace of inventions like Polaroid camera (1934), the first hamburger (1895), color television (1948), and helicopter (1939).
15) The state of Connecticut first introduced the vehicle law in 1901. The top speed was fixed at 12 miles/hour.
16) The oldest lollipop-manufacturing equipment started functioning for trade in New Haven in 1908. The delicacy was named by George Smith after a famous racehorse.
17) Ella Grasso was nominated in her own ability as the governor of the state in 1974.
18) Connecticut is the first state to come up with long-term registration codes for vehicles. They were initially issued in 1937.
19) Stamford houses the head offices of the World Wrestling Federation (WWF).
20) Bristol in Connecticut is dubbed the "Mum City" of the United States due to the large number of Chrysanthemums raised and marketed to different states and Canada.
21) New Haven was incorporated as a city in 1784.
22) Danbury, a major army storehouse for the American Independence Forces, was set ablaze and plundered by the British forces under the leadership of Major General William Tryon in April 1777.
23) The oldest blast furnace in the state was constructed in Lakeville in 1762.
24) Groton houses the Submarine Force Museum, which is home to the famous submarine Nautilus, also known as SSN 571. The museum is used as the authorized submarine museum of the U.S. Navy.
25) The official state insect of CT is the Praying Mantis.
26) The most significant harvests of Connecticut are poultry, milk products, tobacco, wood and nursery, vegetables and fruit.
27) The slogan of Connecticut is Qui Transtulit Sustinet, which stands for "He Who Transplanted Still Sustains".
28) Cut pumpkins were utilized as models for hairdos to guarantee a circular consistent trend in colonial New Haven. Due to this trend, the people of this New England territory were dubbed "pumpkin-heads."
29) The name Middlebury was originated from the heartland location of the assembly hall of the Town. It is situated at a distance of six miles from three older towns located close by - Southbury, Waterbury, and Woodbury.
30) The oldest human occupiers of contemporary Burlington were parts of the Tunxis Clan, who were members of a group of Algonquian Indians. There is a myth that they utilized the place as a hunting area.
31) The first English colonizers of the state came to the territory in 1636, establishing the agricultural estates of Hartford, Windsor, and Wethersfield.
32) The Monroe Town seal is similar to a circle with the expressions "Town of Monroe Connecticut" inscribed in the external edge of the seal. Within this external ring, there is an outline of the head of James Monroe, the fifth President of the U.S., who served the nation from 1817-1825.
33) In the beginning, Montville, together with Waterford and Groton, formed a portion of New London. Formerly, New London was founded as Pequot in 1646, so named after the Pequot Indians. In 1658, the name was altered to New London.
34) B.F. Clyde's Cider Mill is the sole steam-driven Cider Mill in the U.S. It is situated in Mystic.
35) The New "Town Bicentennial Emblem" of Hartford was planned by James Thorsell, a 7-year-old boy.
36) The severest natural calamity in the history of New Milford hit in 1902 and the principal commercial division revolving around Bank Street was nearly totally razed by the "Great Fire".
37) North Stonington got its name for the rocky features of the mountainous landscape in 1724. The town was incorporated in 1807.
38) To enroll to cast your vote in Connecticut you have to:
- Be a national of the United States
- Be 18 years old as a minimum on or prior to the upcoming polls
- Be an inhabitant of a Connecticut Town
- Not be condemned of a crime
39) The fabrication of the oldest safety fuse began in 1836 in Simsbury.
40) The oldest steel plant running in the United States was situated in Simsbury in 1728.
41) Wallingford is globally known for the manufacture of tableware (made of silver).
42) Dr. Henry Bronson was the oldest specialist in the healing of Asiatic cholera in 1832. Bronson was a university lecturer at Yale Medical School.
43) Waterbury hosted the oldest golf competition in Connecticut for ladies. It took place on June 12, 1917.
44) West Hartford is the hometown of Noah Webster, who wrote the oldest dictionary printed in 1807.
45) In spite of the fact that West Haven is the newest city in the state of CT, which was incorporated in 1972, it houses a society that goes back more than 360 years, which makes it one of the earliest colonies in the nation.
46) PEZ Candy is manufactured in the Orange City.
47) The earliest friction matches were manufactured by Thomas Sanford in Beacon Falls in 1834.
48) Some of the most celebrated textiles in the world are knit in the Stafford cloth mills.
49) In 1779, the town of Washington was incorporated, and it was named to pay homage to General George Washington.
50) Since 1875, Hartford has been serving as the capital city of the state.
Last Updated on: September 28th, 2017