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Eritrea Facts

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Where is Eritrea?

The State of Eritrea is located in the horn of Africa. It shares its borders with Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, Djibouti in the southeast and Red Sea in the east and northeast. The Dahlak Archipelago and many of Hanish islands are part of the country.

What is the capital of Eritrea?

Asmara is the capital of Eritrea. Because of its quintessential Italian touch, the city is also regarded as "New Rome" or "Italy's African City". The city has been proposed as a possible addition to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

What is the currency of Eritrea?

The currency of Eritrea is Eritrean Nakfa. Its ISO 4217 code is ERN. In 1997 the currency was introduced to replace the Ethiopian birr at par. It is subdivided into 100 cents.

Which is the largest city of Eritrea?

Asmara is the largest city of Eritrea. Its total area is 4,694.3 square miles and it has an estimated population of 649,000. It is at an elevation of 2,325 meters. The city is home to various ethnic groups like Tigrinya and Tigre. The Historic Center of Asmara was placed on the World Monuments Fund's 2006 watch List of "100 Most Endangered Sites".

What is the official language of Eritrea?

The constitution of Eritrea states "equality of all Eritrean languages", and therefore the country has no official language. Tigre and Tigrinya are spoken as first language by more than 80% of the population. Tigrinya and Arabic are the two languages used for official purposes. English and Italian are widely understood by people.

What is the religion of Eritrea?

The two dominant religions of Eritrea are Islam and Christianity. 50-60% of the population is Christian, while 40-50% of the population is Sunni Muslim. Officially only Eritrean Orthodox Tewahdo Church, Sunni Islam, Catholicism and Evangelical Lutheran church are recognized by the government of Eritrea. Other faiths are required to undergo a registration process.

What is the literacy rate of Eritrea?

The literacy rate of Eritrea is 67.2%.

What is the emblem of Eritrea?

The Coat of arms of Eritrea depicts a camel surrounded by a wreath of laurel. It was adopted on May 24, 1993 after its declaration of independence from Ethiopia.

Who is the political leader of Eritrea?

Eritrea has only one political party: People's Front for Democracy and Justice. Isaias Afewerki is the first and the current President of Eritrea. He assumed office on May 24, 1993.

When is the national day of Eritrea celebrated?

The national day of Eritrea is celebrated on May 24. The day commemorates the country's 1993 declaration of independence from Ethiopia. The 30-year struggle of Eritrean Liberation Movement ended with a referendum on independence.

What is the economy of Eritrea like?

The economy of Eritrea is based on subsistence agriculture. The estimated GDP of the country is 2.117 billion dollars. Primary industries include agriculture, forestry, and fishing. Major trading partner of the country are Malaysia, Italy, United States of America, Turkey, Russia and the United Kingdom.

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