Tokyo is a prefecture in Japan. It is situated in the southeastern region of Honshu Island and is made up of islands Ogasawara and Izu. The prefecture became a reality in 1943 after Tokyo City combined with Tokyo Prefecture. It is also the capital city of Japan.
New Delhi :
New Delhi is an important city in India by virtue of being its capital. It also operates as the capital of National Capital Territory of Delhi. It is part of the Delhi metropolitan area – it is also one of Delhi Union Territory’s 9 districts. It covers an aggregate area of 16 square miles.
Mexico City :
Mexico City functions as the synonymous North American nation’s Federal District capital. It is unique in the sense that it is not a state per se but operates as an independent federation. Mexico City is the biggest city of the country and is a key political, educational, cultural and economic hub.
New York City :
In USA, New York has the maximum number of residents. It is also the heart of New York Metropolitan Area that is one of the most highly populated regions on a global basis. It also houses the headquarters of the United Nations and is a global commercial, media and business hub.
Of all the cities in China, Shanghai has the maximum population. It is situated in eastern part of the Asian nation and lies in a central region in the Chinese coast. It is at the source of the Yangtze River. The city has attained remarkable economic growth in the previous 20 years.
Sao Paulo :
In the southern and western parts of the world, Sao Paulo is the biggest city. It is the heart of the Sao Paulo Metropolitan Area and has been rated as the 2nd most populated metropolitan region in both South and North America combined.
Mumbai was known earlier on as Bombay. Of all the Indian cities, it has the maximum population and globally it stands on the 5th position in this regard. It has an estimated population of 12.5 million.
|Rank||City||Country||2014 Population (thousands)||2030 Population (thousands)|
|4||Ciudad de México(MexicoCity)||Mexico||20843||23865|
|9||New York-Newark||United States of America||18591||19885|
|20||Los Angeles-Long Beach-SantaAna||United States of America||12308||13257|
|23||Kinshasa||Democratic Republic of the Congo||11116||19996|
|29||Seoul||Republic of Korea||9775||9960|
|37||Chicago||United States of America||8739||9493|
|40||Tehran||Iran(Islamic Republic of)||8353||9990|
|44||Hong Kong||China, Hong Kong SAR||7260||7885|
|47||Thành Pho Ho Chí Minh(Ho Chi Minh City)||Viet Nam||7100||10200|
|58||Miami||United States of America||5771||6554|
|60||Dallas-FortWorth||United States of America||5603||6683|
|62||Philadelphia||United States of America||5571||6158|
|65||Houston||United States of America||5516||6729|
|71||Atlanta||United States of America||5032||6140|
Source : United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2014).
2014 World Urban Major Facts :
1. In today's time, more people are mushrooming towards urban areas, as in 2014, 54 percent of the population from across the world are living in cities. In the year 1950, 30 percent of the worldwide population was urban and it has been projected that by 2050, the world population of the urban dwellers will increase to 66 percent.
2. Presently, the most urbanized places are North America with 82 percent urban population, The Caribbean and Latin America with 80 percent, and Europe with 73 percent. On the contrary, Africa and Asia have a major rural population with 40 and 48 percent of their respective populations residing in urban places. However, in the coming decades, growth rate of urban areas is expected to increase and comparatively, Africa and Asia are urbanizing at a faster pace. By 2050, the urban population of both the continents is projected to reach 56 and 64 percent, respectively.
3. The worldwide rural population is nearly 3.4 billion today, which is presumed to drop to 3.2 billion by the year 2050. Almost 90 percent of the worldwide rural population are a part of Africa and Asia. China with 635 million has the largest rural population after India (857 million).
4. Globally, since 1950, the population of the urban areas has evolved briskly from 746 million to 3.9 billion in 2014. Today, 53 percent of the urban population of the world is from Asia followed by Europe and the Caribbean and Latin America with 14 and 13 percent, respectively.
5. Three Countries, namely India, China, and Nigeria are presumed to contribute 37 percent between 2014 and 2050 to the urban population of the world. It is projected that India will add 404 million to the world's urban population, then China with 292 million, and Nigeria with 212 million.
6. By 2050, growing population and urbanization both are projected to contribute 2.5 billion population to the world's urban population with almost 90 percent of the rise mainly from Asia and Africa.
7. Almost half of the world's urban residents live in comparatively small colonies with not more than 500,000 dwellers whereas out of eight only one get to live in the 28 big cities with over 10 million dwellers.
8. The largest city in the world is Tokyo with a population of 38 million inhabitants, then, comes Delhi having 25 million inhabitants, Shanghai having 23 million, and Sao Paulo, Mexico City , and Mumbai each with nearly 21 million residents. It is reckoned that by 2030, there will be 41 mega-cities in the world with over 10 million dwellers. It is projected that Tokyo will remain the largest city in the world with 37 million population in 2030 with Delhi following closely, where the number is projected to rise to 36 million.
9. But there are also such cities that have in recent years experienced a drop in population. Natural calamities and Economic depression are the key factors in population losses in a few cities as well. Also, the low-fertility nations of Asia and Europe have a stagnant or declining population causing a major drop in the world's population.
10. Since the world is urbanizing rapidly, sustainable progressive challenges will be increasingly posited in the urban areas, specifically in the countries with the lower-middle-income where urbanization growth is rapid. Consolidated and cohesive approach is required to raise the standard of living of both urban and rural population.
United Nations Organization
(2) Mega city.
(3) Regioe metropolitana; refers to the Regioe Integrada de Desenvolvimento do Distrito Federal e Entorno.
(5) Data after 2000 include urban population in Daxing, Pinggu, and Huairou Districts.
(7) For 2000, the population of the city is composed of population in all City Districts meeting the criteria such as “contiguous built-up area,” being the location of the local government,being a Street or Having a Resident Committee.
(12) 1991 and 2001 data based on a definition of urban agglomeration that is not restricted to state boundaries (National Capital Territory).
Contiguous suburban cities and towns, such as Faridabad, Gurgaon, and Ghaziabad are included in Dehli.
(16) As defined by the Statistics Bureau of Japan, Census figure of 2005 refers to Kanto major metropolitan area (M.M.A.).
(17) Zona metropolitana, which includes several municipios.
(25) Data refer to the urbanized area (UA), that is, contiguous territory that meets minimum population density requirements. Each UA is named after the most populous place or places contained within it.
Last Updated on : July 16, 2014