About North Carolina
North Carolina is located in the southeastern region of the United States. North Carolina is also known by its nicknames of 'North Cackalacky', 'Old North State', and 'Tar Heel State'. As per the latest statistics, out of the 50 states of the United States, North Carolina is the 9th most populous and the 28th largest state of the country in terms of area. The capital of North Carolina is Raleigh, while its largest city is Charlotte. There are 100 counties in North Carolina.
History of North Carolina
Prior to the advent of the Europeans in North Carolina, the region was inhabited by Native American tribes. Some of these were Chowanoke, Cape Fear Indians, Waxhaw, Waccamaw, Catawba to name a few. North Carolina first came into contact with Europeans when Spanish explorer Juan Pardo established the Fort San Juan in 1567. In the early 18th century, North Carolina, along with the territory of South Carolina, was one of the Thirteen Colonies of the English. It was initially called the Province of Carolina, but in 1729, the north and south parts became separate. The state was admitted into the Union in 1789 and in 1792, Raleigh became the capital of North Carolina. During the American War of Independence, only 7,800 men of the state served under George Washington.
During the American Civil War, North Carolina was a member of the Confederate states and declared secession from the Union on May 20, 1861. By 1865, the Confederate states had been defeated and after this began the Reconstruction Era. Badly affected during the Great Depression, the post World War 2 period witnessed a significant growth in the economy of the state. By the 1990s, the state earned the distinction of becoming a major banking center.
Geography of North Carolina
North Carolina is spread over an area of 53,819 square miles. North Carolina shares its borders with South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Virginia, and the Atlantic Ocean. The state is divided into three regions: Atlantic Coastal Plain, central Piedmont region, and the Mountain region. The western part of North Carolina forms a part of the Appalachian Mountain range. Some of the sub-ranges of this great Mountain range that form a part of the state include the Great Smoky Mountains, Blue Ridge Mountains and the Black Mountains. The highest point of the state is Mount Mitchell, which stands at 6,684 feet. Four river basins that are located entirely within North Carolina are the White Oak, Cape Fear, Neuse, and the Tar-Pamlico.
Travel destinations in North Carolina
North Carolina is a popular tourist destination. Take a trip down to Battleship North Carolina in Wilmington. Stationed here is the USS North Carolina, which played a prominent role in WW2. Take a walk through the ship and witness some of its unique attractions. Linville Gorge and Falls is one of the most picturesque gorges in the whole of the eastern US. Chimney Rock State Park is home to acres of greenery and a variety of flora and fauna. Other places worth visiting include the Grandfather Mountain, North Carolina Aquarium, North Carolina Zoo, Outer Banks, and NASCAR Hall of Fame to name a few.
Transportation in North Carolina
North Carolina is well connected by air, rail and road. Charlotte Douglas International Airport, which is the 23rd busiest airport in the world, connects the state to other parts of the US as well as prominent international destinations. North Carolina has a good rail connectivity with Amtrak connecting most of the cities in the county.
Education in North Carolina
There are 115 public school systems in North Carolina. Each of these systems is looked after by a local school board. There are approximately 2425 public schools in North Carolina. There are 17 public universities in North Carolina. Some of these are North Carolina State University, North Carolina A&T State University, East Carolina University, Western Carolina University among others. There are also many reputed private colleges and universities in North Carolina.
Interesting Facts about North Carolina
Last Updated on: May 12, 2017
- Cape Hatteras is also known as the 'Graveyard of the Atlantic'. As per records, since 1526, more than 1,000 ships have floundered here.
- Opened in 1795, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill was the first university to be established in the country.
- North Carolina is the leading producer of sweet potatoes in the country.