The national flag of Croatia bears three horizontal stripes - red (top), white (middle), and blue (bottom). The combination of red, white, and blue colors used in the flag has been borrowed from the flag of imperial Russia. The national coat of arms is placed in the center of the flag.
The colors used in the flag bear a national significance. Red symbolizes the blood shed by the countrymen in their struggle for independence; it also represents the zeal and enthusiasm of the martyrs in fighting the colonial authorities; white is a traditional symbol of peace and represents the peaceful and amiable nature of the people of Croatia. Blue represents the religious nature of the Croatians and their belief in God. The checkerboard consists of thirteen red and twelve white fields and has been used as a symbol of the Croatian Kings since the tenth century.
The present flag of the Republic of Croatia was adopted on December 21, 1990. Earlier when the country was a part of Yugoslavia, the flag of Croatia was a similar tricolor of red, white, and blue. The only difference was that in place of the checkerboard, the earlier flag bore a five-pointed red star with a yellow border. The red star was substituted by a checkerboard in May 1990, after the general elections took place in Croatia.
Official Name: The Republic of Croatia
Flag Proportion: 1:2
Adopted on: December 21, 1990
Location: Located in south-eastern Europe; Bordered by Bosnia, Herzegovina, and Slovenia
Capital City: Zagreb
Major Cities: Osijek, Zadar, Kutina
Area: 21,851 square miles
Currency: Kuna (HRK)
Official Language: Croatian
National Anthem: Our Beautiful Homeland