Hungary is a country in Central Europe, entirely landlocked and bordered by Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia and Austria. Hungary covers an area of 93,030 square kilometers (35,919 square miles) in the Carpathian Basin. The capital of Hungary, and its largest city, is Budapest. Other large cities in Hungary include Debrecen, Szeged, Miskolc, and Pecs.
Hungary has a population of just under 10 million people, about 92 percent of which are ethnic Hungarians, making it a largely homogenous country, with the largest minority group being the Roma. The official language of Hungary is Hungarian, which is oddly unrelated to the languages of neighboring countries. Religions practiced in Hungary include various sects of Christianity, including Roman Catholicism and Calvinism.
Hungary was established around the ninth century, created as the Kingdom of Hungary with lasted for 946 years as a major European power. The Ottomans took over from 1541 to 1699, when Hungary became the Habsburg Monarchy, and then the Austro-Hungarian Empire from 1867 to 1918, when Hungary seceded from Austria-Hungary. Hungary experienced a Communist era from 1947 to 1989, when it established its republic on October 23.
Today Hungary is an important economic power in Europe and one of the most popular tourist destinations for people around the world because of its natural beauty and vibrant culture.
Last Updated On : February 23, 2013