Covering an area of 3.8 million square miles, Canada is the second largest country in the world. The map of Canada shows international boundaries, the national capital, important cities and airports, major roads, rivers, sea ports and major points of interest. Some of the major attractions in Canada include Niagara Falls, CN Towers, Royal Tyrrel Museum and Vancouver Aquarium are shown in this Canada map. Major cities in Canada include Ottawa, Toronto, Montreal, Victoria and Quebec city. Some of Canada's lakes are Great Bear Lake, Great Slave Lake, Lake Athabasca, Lake Reindeer, Southern Indian Lake, and Lake Nipigon.
Canada has been inhabited since around 24,500 BC in its Yukon Territory. After European contact beginning in the fifteenth century, many Native Americans became sick from diseases introduced by the explorers, and their
In 1840, Canada was united, becoming the Province of Canada. Canada's colonial roots are reflected in its status as a Commonwealth of Britain under the crown. The languages spoken in Canada also reflect its early colonial history. Both English and French are spoken in Canada, though French is primarily spoken in the province of Quebec, which was under French control for many years.
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Canada is the second largest country in the world by total area after Russia, and makes up most of northern North America. Canada's territories extend up into the Arctic circle, though most of this land is covered in a thick layer of ice. The Canadian Forces Station Alert is the farthest north settlement in the world, located not far from the North Pole.
To the south, Canada shares the world's longest land border with the United States, as well as the world's longest coastline. Alaska, completely separated from the contiguous United States, is located to the north-west of Canada, extending out toward Russia.
Canada's terrain is mountainous, with the coast mountains and rocky mountains, and heavily forested. Canada contains more fresh water than any other country in the world in its 31,700 lakes.
Canada is a federal parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in which the monarch is the head of state and the prime minister is the head of government. Parliament consists of 308 members and the Senate has 105.
Canada is divided into ten provinces and three additional territories. The territories are under the direction of the federal government, while the provinces handle their own governments with some level of autonomy. Canadian provinces are grouped into the following regions: Western Canada, Central Canada, Atlantic Canada, and Northern Canada.
Last Updated : July 30, 2014
Canada, with a land area of 9,984,670 sq km, is the second largest country in the world. It has a population of 34,880,491 (2012 est.). The longitudinal extent of Canada is from 52° to 141° W, whereas the latitudinal stretch is from 42° to 83° N.
Lat Long45.4, -75.666667
Major ReligionRoman Catholic, Protestant (United Church, Anglican, Baptist, Lutheran), other Christian, Muslim.
National dayJuly 1 (Canada Day)
Form of GovernmentFederal Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
PresidentQueen Elizabeth II (Monarch)
Vice PresidentDavid Johnston (Governor General)
Prime MinisterStephen Harper
GDP1.821 trillion USD (2012)
Time Zone(UTC-3.5 to -8)