Niagara Falls is a group of massive waterfalls located on the Niagara River on the border between United States and Canada. North America’s most powerful water falls – the Niagara is actually a collection of three falls: The Horseshoe Falls, The American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls. While the American Falls is sandwiched between the Prospect Point and the Luna Island, the Bridal Veil Falls is located between the Luna Island and the Goat Island. The Canadian/Horse Shoe Falls gushes between the Goat Island and the Table Rock.
The Niagara itself is a river which is about 12,000 years old. There were ice-sheets of 2-3 kilometers thick in the southern part of Ontario 18,000 years ago. Along the ages and after certain topographical changes the ice-sheets melted and a lot of water accumulated in the Great Lakes Basin. Water from Lake Erie, the Niagara River and Lake Ontario all contribute to the falls. The Niagara Falls is the second largest falls in the world.
Each day per minute the Niagara gushes water exceeding 6 million cubic feet. On an average the amount is 4 million cubic feet. Niagara is one of the chief sources of hydroelectric energy for the whole of New York and Ontario. Thus the falls helps in development of commerce and industry and the state’s revenue collection is also strengthened by the flourishing tourism industry.
- The American Falls and Bridal Veil Falls are 1,060 feet wide and have a clear drop of only 70 feet.
- The Canadian Falls is about 2,600 feet wide and has a drop of 170 feet.
- Volume of water in The American Falls and Bridal Veil Falls is 150,000 U.S. Gallons / 567,811 Liters per second, while volume of water in the Canadian Falls has been recorded to be 600,000 U.S. gallons / 2,271,247 liters per second.
Niagara Falls is located on the Niagara River on the International border between Ontario province, Canada and New York state, the USA. Reaching Niagra Falls is very easy as the Falls are well connected by air, road and rail transportation routes. The nearest airports are Buffalo Niagara International Airport, Buffalo, NY, USA and Lester B. Pearson International Airport, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The best time to visit this enchanting and vivacious falls is the Spring and the Summer months. Niagra Falls can be breathtaking even during the Winter.
One can visit Niagra Falls anytime during the day as the Falls are open for 24 hours all round the year. It must be noted that there are specific visiting hours for the nearby attractions.
No charge is to be paid for visiting the Falls. However, during the peak season a reasonable amount of parking fee is charged.
Nearby attractions: Niagara Science Museum, Whirlpool State Park, Devil’s Hole State Park, Reservoir State Park, Aquarium of Niagara, Niagara Adventure Theater, Hyde Park and a lot more.
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