The colors used in the flag represent ideals cherished by the constitution of the country. Saffron, the color topmost in the flag represents courage, sacrifice, valor, and the spirit of renunciation. White represents truth, peace, and purity of thought. The green stripe symbolizes culture, fertility, and faith.
The National Flag of India was adopted at the meeting of the Constituent Assembly on July 22, 1947. The constitution of India lays down strict rules and guidelines that need to be followed when using or displaying the flag. The various instructions on the use of the flag are outlined in the Flag Code of India.
The Indian National Flag is a matter of pride for its citizens. The late Prime Minister Panit Jawahar Lal Nehru called the flag a symbol of freedom for the Indians. The colors used in the flag represent the unity and the democratic nature of the country and celebrates secularism. The Indian National Flag is also known as the Tiranga or the Tricolor.
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Official Name: Republic of India
Flag Proportion: 2:3
Adopted on: March 7, 1866
Designed by: Pingali Venkayya
Location: Located in southeast Asia; Bordered by Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar
Capital City: New Delhi
Major Cities:Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Ahmedabad
Area: 1,269,219 square miles
Currency: Indian Rupee (INR)
Official Language: Hindi, English
National Anthem: Jana Gana Mana