Bulgaria continued under the rule of tsars, with Boris III, until his death during World War II in 1943. Bulgaria was invaded by the USSR in 1944, and it was ruled by Soviet leaders. The Communist party eventually collapsed in Bulgaria and the country transitioned into a democracy in 1990.
Bulgaria shares borders with Romania, Serbia, Macedonia, Greece, and Turkey, with coastline along the Black Sea.
- Sofia (capital)
- Veliko Tarnovo
Bulgaria is part of the Balkan peninsula in Eastern Europe. The terrain of Bulgaria includes Danubian and Thracian Plains, which make up about one-third of the land area, and the Balkan and Rhodope Mountain ranges. The Balkan Mountains traverse the middle of Bulgaria, while the Rhodope Mountains are along the east, and the highest point in the country is Musala, which stands 2,925 meters (9,596 feet) above sea level.
Bulgaria's longest river is the Iskar, but other important rivers are the Struma and Maritsa Rivers. Along its southeastern edge, Bulgaria has coastline along the Black Sea.
Points of Interest
Bulgaria's capital, Sofia, is a beautiful Eastern European city featuring many architectural and historical sites. One of the oldest cities on the continent, Sofia is home to ruins including the Amphitheatre of Serdica, and the Sofia Public Mineral Baths. Sofia also has several beautiful churches, most notably Saint Sophia, which was built in the 6th century and has been an important cultural site in the country's history. Additionally, Sofia has many museums, monuments, and public buildings.
Other important towns in Bulgaria include Plovdiv and Rousse, which have many architectural sites of importance, including the latter's Sexiginta Prista Roman Castle and several other Roman sites. Veliko Tarnovo is important to Bulgaria's history during the medieval era, as it was the Empire's capital.
For outdoor attractions, the coastal cities of Sunny Beach and Varna offer beach resorts and nightlife along the Black Sea. The Nature Park Bulgarka, Rila National Park, and the Bulgarian mountains are great destinations for more rugged adventures.
Bulgaria has several international airports, including one in its capital Sofia, Varna, Bourgas, and Plovdiv. Train is another way to get into and around Bulgaria, with an extensive system that offers service to cities like Bucharest and Belgrade. Long-distance bus is available and fairly inexpensive, while arriving by car is another possibility. Buses are also a good option for domestic travel between the cities of Bulgaria, and trains are available between Sofia and Varna or Sofia and Bourgas. Taxis are sometimes available, but not always licensed, which can cause some issues with foreign visitors.
Last Updated On : July 23 ,2015
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