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Geography of Vermont

by Vishul Malik

Vermont is the fifth-smallest state in the United States, covering an area of 9,615 square miles. The geographic center of the state is situated in the Washington County. The Green Mountains are within the state. No building in Vermont is taller than 38 meters. The area comprises by land and water in VT are 9,250 square miles and 365 square miles respectively. Killington Peak is the highest mountain in this state.

General Features

Vermont is a state located in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It is bordered on the north by Quebec; on the east by New Hampshire; on the south by Massachusetts; and on the west by New York. The geographic center of the state lies in the Washington County. The state comprises six land divisions:

  • Northeast Highlands:

    Lying in the northeast corner of Vermont, the Northeast Highlands extend to parts of New Hampshire and Maine. The region is composed of high granite mountains like the Gore Mountain, Burke Mountain and Mount Monadnock.

  • Western New England Upland:

    The area stretching south to Massachusetts and Connecticut, is called the Western New England Upland. The region covers most of the eastern portion of the state. The region is distinguished by fertile lowlands.

  • Green Mountains:

    Covering the central portion of the state, the Green Mountains region is covered by many mountains. The mountains have many mineral resources such as marble, granite, salt, slate and talc.

  • Vermont Valley:

    The region covering the western part of the state of Vermont is known as the Vermont Valley. The area is a small strip of land composed of small rivers and river valleys. The major rivers in the region include the Baton Kill and Waloomsac river.

  • Taconic Mountains:

    The area extending from Massachusetts to the southwestern Vermont, is a hilly area known as the Taconic Mountains. The region comprises mountains, rivers, and beautiful lakes. Equinox Mountain, Little Equinox Mountain, Mother Myrick Mountain and Bear Mountain lie are located in this region.

  • Champlain Valley:

    Also called the Vermont Lowland, the Champlain Valley is a fertile valley bordering Lake Champlain. It is a fertile farmland known for its dairy farms, apple orchards, and fields of corn, hay, oats, and wheat.


Geographical Facts About Vermont

Area 9,615 square miles
Land Area 9,249 square miles
Water Area 366 square miles
Mean Elevation 300 meters
Highest Point Mount Mansfield (1,340 meters)
Lowest Point Lake Champlain (29 meters)
Geographic Center Washington County

Climate of Vermont

Vermont experiences a humid continental climate. The summers are generally warm and humid, while the winters are cold. The highest temperature recorded in the state was 41°C, at Vernon, on July 4, 1911; while the lowest recorded temperature was ’46°C, at Bloomfield, on December 30, 1933. There is also occasional snowfall in the state and it is the seventh-coldest state in the United States.


There are a number of high mountain ranges in the state of Vermont. The highest peak in the state is Mount Mansfield followed by Killington Peak, Mount Ellen, and Camel’s Hump. The other mountains in the state are:

  • Equinox Mountain
  • Dorset Mountain
  • Glastenbury Mountain
  • Shrewsbury Peak
  • Mount Abraham
  • Stratton Mountain
  • Bread Loaf Mountain
  • Lincoln Peak


The major rivers in the state of Vermont are:

  • Deerfield River
  • West River
  • Otter River
  • Winooski River
  • Connecticut River
  • Saint Francois River
  • Hudson River


The major lakes in Vermont are:

  • Caspian Lake
  • Averill Lake
  • Lake Carmi
  • Lake Champlain
  • Lake Memphremagog
  • Lake Willoughby
  • Lake Morey
  • Somerset Reservoir
  • Seymour Lake

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