Location and Geography :
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Vermont is a state in the northern part of the East Coast, and is the nation’s smallest landlocked state. It is somewhat less urbanized than many other eastern states and is known for its lush forests and maple trees.
Counties and Regions :
At its inception, Vermont only had two counties, but over time these were split to make the present-day 14. County seats in Vermont are known as “shire towns”-there are only 9 technical cities in the whole state, so some county seats are in fact towns. These are the general regions of Vermont:
- Champlain Valley
- Green Mountains
- Mount Mansfield
- Northeast Kingdom
With a population of about 625,000, Vermont has the lowest population in the country with the exception of Wyoming. Unlike the crowded urban areas of other East Coast states, Vermont has a great deal of rural land.
Major Cities :
Vermont’s largest city is Burlington, which has a population of barely 43,000 people. Its capital, Montpelier, has a population of not quite 8,000.
Story Behind the Name :
The name “Vermont” comes from a French phrase meaning “green mountains.” It was originally called New Connecticut, but the name was changed to make it more favorable for admission as a state.
History and Colonization :
Because it is on the East Coast, the area that is now Vermont
was one of the earlier areas that European explorers encountered. The French landed there sometime in the sixteenth century, and they were later joined by the British and the Dutch, who all laid various claims to the area. Vermont was previously home to two important Native American tribes, the Iroquois and the Abenaki. They traded with the European arrivals initially, but eventually found themselves marginalized and driven off. Very few natives remain in the state of Vermont today.
France initially maintained control of the area, but Great Britain won it from them as one of the outcomes of the French and Indian War. This was shortly before the American Revolution, however, and British power was weakening in the North American continent. As various colonies were all claiming Vermont as part of their territory, citizens of the area decided to form their own independent republic. The Vermont Republic, which was originally called the Republic of New Connecticut, lasted between 1777 and 1791. The Vermont constitution was the first constitution in history to ban slavery and grant universal male suffrage.
Vermont joined the United States in 1791, the fourteenth state and the first one to join that was not one of the Thirteen Original Colonies. Vermont retained its fiercely independent culture even after attaining statehood, and is known for it even to this day. It became one of the most strictly abolitionist states as the century wore on. During the Civil War, Vermont easily supported the Union and sent many troops to the front lines.
Modern Vermont is one of the most rural and old-fashioned of the New England states, although it is also known for its progressive politics (in a way this, too, is something of a tradition). The state has a strong history in the Labor Movement and some agricultural products, most notably maple syrup. It has been hit hard by the recent recession, with its median income dropping the furthest out of any state in the nation over a period of a few years.
More Vermont Facts & Trivia
1.The Green Mountain State is the other name of Vermont.
2.The state has earned a substantial amount of acclaim for its maple syrup.
3.The officially recognized fair of Vermont is staged in Rutland. The event is organized every September.
4.Mount Mansfield has a height of 4,393 feet. It is the tallest location in the state.
5.In 1609 Samuel de Champlain went around Vermont and claimed ownership of the state as a representative of France.
6.It was in 1724 that the English settlers turned up at the state.
7.Vermont became a part of USA on 4th March 1791. It was the 14th state.
8.The French words verts monts signify mountains that are green in color. These are the source word for the state's name.
9.The earliest indigenous tribes to have resided in Vermont are Abenaki, Penacook and Mahican.
10.Of all the state capitals in USA, Montpellier has the slightest population.
11.Freedom and Unity is the officially accepted motto.
12.Sugar maple is the officially recognized tree.
13.Apple is the officially acknowledged fruit of Vermont.
14.Washington is the state's geographic center.
15.Fort Ste. Anne was set up in 1666. It was the earliest French establishment in Vermont.
16.The earliest constitution was accepted in 1777.
17.Phish, a famous rock music outfit started its career in Burlington.
18.IBM and Ben & Jerry's are the largest providers of jobs in the state.
19.Crown Point and Fort Ticonderoga were won by the Green Mountain Boys, who were helmed by Ethan Allen, in 1775. It is regarded as an important victory at the time of the American Revolutionary War.
20.New York and New Hampshire have laid claim to the state at various occasions.
Last Updated on: October 3rd, 2017