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Egypt Political Map

by Vishal Kumar

Political map of Egypt illustrates the surrounding countries with international borders, 27 governorates boundaries with their capitals and the national capital.


Egypt Political Map

The Arab Republic of Egypt is a trans-continental country located in North Africa. It covers a total area of 387,048 square miles. According to the 2011 estimate, the population of the Republic is 81,015,887.

As shown in the political map of Egypt, the country is bordered by Sudan to the south, Libya to the west, and Gaza and Israel to the east. Egypt also shares borders with the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Red Sea to the east.

The political map of Egypt marks the national capital, major cities, the major water bodies, and the international divisions of the country.

Cairo is the capital of Egypt and is marked on the map with a red dot enclosed in a square. With a population of 11.6 million, Cairo is the largest city in Africa and the Arab world. The city is a perfect representation of Egyptian culture. The beautiful masterpieces of art and architecture in the city have earned Cairo the nickname “The City of a Thousand Minarets.”

The other major cities of Egypt include Baris, Al Kharijah, Abu Sunbul, Luxor, Siwah, Marsa Al Alam, Al Bawati, and Alexandria.

Egypt is divided into twenty-seven governorates that are further divided into regions. The regions are composed of many towns and villages.

The governates are:

  • Alexandria
  • Aswan
  • Asyut
  • Beheira
  • Beni Suef
  • Ismailia
  • Kafr el-Sheikh
  • Luxor
  • South Sinai
  • Suez
  • Sohag
  • Cairo
  • Dakahlia
  • Damietta
  • Faiyum
  • Gharbia
  • Giza
  • Ismailia
  • Kafr el-Sheikh
  • Luxor
  • Gharbia
  • Alexandria
  • Aswan
  • Asyut
  • Beheira
  • Beni Suef
  • Cairo
  • Dakahlia
  • Damietta
  • Giza
  • Faiyum
  • Matruh
  • Minya
  • Monufia
  • New Valley
  • North Sinai
  • Port Said
  • Qalyubia
  • Qena
  • Red Sea
  • Sharqia

Egypt is a presidential republic with the president being the head of state.  Early in 2011, the autocratic leader Hosni Mobarak who ruled the country for thirty years was overthrown. The leader himself stepped down after a series of protests rocked the nation. Since then, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces had been ruling Egypt; the council was headed by Mohamed Hussein Tantawi until the inauguration of Mohamed Morsi as president on 30th June 2012.

Abdel Fattah Saeed Hussein Khalil el-Sisi is the current President since 2014.

The Egyptian economy is mainly driven by agriculture, media, petroleum exports, and tourism. In 2011, the gross domestic product (PPP) of Egypt was estimated at $508.265 billion, while the per capita stood at $6,361. Egypt has large deposits of coal, oil, natural gas, and hydropower, which makes the country a global producer of energy.

Governorate Population: 2006-11-11 census (source [3]). Area(km.²) Area(mi.²) Capital
Ad Daqahliyah 4,985,187 3,471 1,340 Al Mansurah
Al Bahr al Ahmar 288,233 203,685 78,643 Al Ghurdaqah
Al Buhayrah 4,737,129 10,129 3,911 Damanhur
Al Fayyum 2,512,792 1,827 705 Al Fayyum
Al Gharbiyah 4,010,298 1,942 750 Tanta
Al Iskandariyah 4,110,015 2,679 1,035 Al Iskandariyah
Al Isma’iliyah 942,832 1,442 557 Al Isma’iliyah
Al Jizah 6,272,571 85,105 32,859 Al Jizah
Al Minufiyah 3,270,404 1,532 592 Shibin al Kawm
Al Minya 4,179,309 2,262 873 Al Minya
Al Qahirah 7,786,640 214 83 Al Qahirah
Al Qalyubiyah 4,237,003 1,001 387 Banha
Al Uqsur 451,318 55 21 Al Uqsur
Al Wadi al Jadid 187,256 376,505 145,369 Al Kharijah
Ash Sharqiyah 5,340,058 4,180 1,614 Az Zaqaziq
As Suways 510,935 17,840 6,888 As Suways
Aswan 1,184,432 679 262 Aswan
Asyut 3,441,597 1,553 600 Asyut
Bani Suwayf 2,290,527 1,322 510 Bani Suwayf
Bur Sa’id 570,768 72 28 Bur Sa’id
Dumyat 1,092,316 589 227 Dumyat
Janub Sina 149,335 33,140 12,795 At Tur
Kafr ash Shaykh 2,618,111 3,437 1,327 Kafr ash Shaykh
Matruh 322,341 212,112 81,897 Marsa Matruh
Qina 3,001,494 1,796 693 Qina
Shamal Sina 339,752 27,574 10,646 Al ‘Arish
Suhaj 3,746,377 1,547 597 Suhaj
27 governorates 72,579,030 997,690 385,210

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