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Facts about Egypt



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Official Name Arab Republic of Egypt
ContinentAfrica
Lat Long27 00 N, 30 00 E
Area1,010,407.87 km2 (387,048 sq mi)
Population93,375,000[6] (14th)
CapitalCairo
Largest CityCairo
Official LanguagesArabic(official), English and French
Major ReligionMuslim (predominantly Sunni) 90%, Christian (majority Coptic Orthodox, other Christians include Armenian Apostolic, Catholic, Maronite, Orthodox, and Anglican) 10% (2012 est.)
National Day23 July (1952)
Form of GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
PresidentAbdel Fattah el-Sisi
Prime MinisterSherif Ismail
CurrencyEgyptian pound
GDP$989.886 billion (2015 Est.)
Calling Code20
Time ZoneEET (UTC+2) Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Internet TLD.eg

Where is Egypt?
infographic of Egypt Facts

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The Arab Republic of Egypt is a trans-continental country located in North Africa, and it has a land bridge (the Isthmus of Suez) in southwest Asia.

What is the capital of Egypt ?
Cairo is the capital of Egypt. The city is a perfect representation of the Egyptian culture. The beautiful masterpieces of art and architecture in the city has earned Cairo the nickname "The City of a Thousand Minarets." With a population of 11.6 million, Cairo is the largest city in the Africa and the Arab world. It was founded in the tenth century AD. by the Fatimid dynasty.

What countries border Egypt ?
Egypt shares land borders with Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, and by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the east.

How big is Egypt ?
Egypt is the thirtieth-largest country in the world covering a total area of 387,048 square miles. According to the 2011 estimate, it is the sixteenth-most populated nation in the world having a population of 81,015,887. Egypt is the most populated Middle East country.

What are the ethnic groups in Egypt ?
The majority of the population of Egypt is constituted by the Egyptians; they make up ninety-one percent of the population. The Abazas, Turks, Greeks, Bedouin Arab tribes, the Siwis, and the Nubian communities are the minority groups. There are also a number of refugees in the country of Palestinian, Sudanese, and Iraqi origin.

What are the administrative divisions of Egypt ?
Egypt is divided into twenty-seven governorates that are further divided into regions. The regions are composed of many towns and villages.

Who are the political leaders of Egypt ?
Egypt is a republic with president being the head of state. Presently, the country does not have a prseident. Early in 2011, President Hosni Mubarak who ruled the country for thirty years was overthrown.



Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces - Mohamed Hussein Tantawi
Prime Minister - Sherif Ismail
Prime Minister-designate - Kamal Ganzouri

What is the official currency used in Egypt?
The Egyptian Pound denoted by the ISO 4217 code EGP is the national currency of Egypt. It is divided into 100 Qirsh and is abbreviated as LE.

What is the official language of Egypt ?
Modern Standard Arabic is the official language of Egypt. Other variants of the Arabic language such as Saidi Arabic, Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic, and Sudanese Arabic are also spoken. The other languages spoken in the country include Domari, Nobiin, Beja, and Siwi. The immigrants in Egypt speak Greek, Armenian and Italian.

What is the official religion of Egypt ?
Islam is the official state religion of Egypt with the major Muslim population adhering to the Sunni faith. There are also a relative number of people who follow Christianity and Judaism.

What is the economy of Egypt like ?
Agriculture, media, petroleum exports, and tourism are the major drivers of the Egyptian economy. In 2011, the gross domestic product (PPP) of Egypt was estimated at $508.265 billion, while the per capita stood at $6,361. Egypt has large deposits of coal, oil, natural gas, and hydro power, which makes the country a global producer of energy. It exports crude oil and petroleum products to the United States, Spain, Italy, India, and France. The other export items include cotton, metal products, textiles, and agricultural goods. Machinery and equipment, chemicals, wood products, and fuels are the principal import items. The major trading partners of the country are: Italy, Spain, United States, Syria, Saudi Arabia, and Germany.

What are the Egyptian Pyramids ?
Egypt has an estimated 138 pyramids. Pyramids are masonry structures built in the shape of a pyramid. They were built as tombs for the Kings of Egypt called the Pharaohs, and their consorts. The king body and his belongings were buried in the tombs to keep them protected. Most of the pyramids are found on the western side of the Nile River. A structure with the body of a lion and the head of a pharaoh, called the Sphinx is found in all the pyramids of Giza; it is considered to guard the pyramids. The Pyramid of Khufu at Giza is the largest Egyptian pyramid.

When is the national day of Egypt celebrated ?
The national day of Egypt is celebrated on July 23rd every year. The day is celebrated to commemorate the anniversary of the Egyptian Revolution of 1952.

The Egyptian revolution was a military coup launched against the Late King Farouk I, whereby General Mohamad Naguib was appointed as the first President of the Egyptian Republic.

Last Updated : July 01, 2017

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