History of Olympic Games
The history of the Olympics dates back to 776 BC. The games were originally held in Olympia in Greece. At first, the only event in the Summer Games was a 200-yard dash, called a stadium. Then, in 724 BC a two-stadia race was added. The 24-stadia event began two years later, and the pentathlon and wrestling became part of the games in 708 BC. This pentathlon was a five-event match comprising running, wrestling, leaping, throwing the discus, and hurling the javelin. Later on, boxing, a chariot race, and other events were included in the schedule of Summer Games.
(RIO DE JANEIRO 2016 August 5th to 21th) Countdown
Two Olympics are held – Summer Olympics and Winter Olympics. Both the Olympics events are held after an interval of four years individually, and are held alternatively after a mutual gap of two years. For instance, the Winter Olympics was held in Turin, Italy in 2006 which was followed by the Summer Olympics event held in Beijing, China in 2008. The next Winter Olympics was held in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada in 2010 followed by the Summer Olympics event hosted by London in 2012.
Summer Olympics is regarded as the largest international multi-sport event. The summer games take place every four years. A number of events are held in the competition and those who get the first, second and the third positions are awarded gold, silver and bronze medals respectively. This international sports competition is also known as the Games of the Olympiad and boasts of a history of more than a hundred years.
The next summer Olympics is going to be hosted in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil from August 5 to 21, 2016. It is the first South American country to host the games.
Summer Olympics Events:
These events are organized by the International Olympic Committee (IOL). The Olympics includes 35 sports and nearly 400 events. The Summer Olympics includes 28 sports with 38 disciplines and the Winter Olympics includes 7 sports with 15 disciplines.
The Summer Olympic sports are archery, badminton, baseball, basketball, beach volleyball, boxing, cycling, diving, equestrian, fencing, field hockey, gymnastics, judo, mountain biking, rowing, sailing, shooting, soccer, softball, swimming, synchronized swimming, table tennis, tennis, track and field, volleyball, water polo, weightlifting and wrestling.
Two sports, taekwondo and triathlon (swimming, biking, running), were introduced for the first time at the 2000 Summer Games in Sydney, Australia. In 1996, Mountain biking made its Olympic debut.
The Olympics flag consists of the Olympic rings -five intertwined rings representing five continents having colors - blue, yellow, black, green and red on a white field.
The Olympic Motto:
The Olympic motto is "Ctius, Altius, Fortius", which means "Faster, Higher, Stronger"
Olympic Torch Relay:
The Olympic Flame is lit in Olympia which is used to light the torch. The torch is relayed to the host city's Olympic stadium.
The Olympic mascot is an animal or human figure which represents the cultural heritage of the host country. The mascots are important message transmission vehicles for the world's largest sports event, especially for children and young people. The mascot reflects the host country identity and culture.
The XXIII Olympic Winter Games 2018 will be held in Pyeongchang, South Korea from Feb 9 - Feb 25.
The Winter Olympics are a celebration of winter sports around the world. The Winter Olympics are held every four years in a venue known for its competitive winter sports facilities. The first winter Olympics were held in 1924 in Chamonix, France. They were held every four years thereafter with a break between 1936 and 1948 for the Second World War. From then on both the Summer Olympics and Winter Olympics were held in the same year till 1992. However, in accordance with a 1986 decision by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), it was decided to hold the Summer Olympics and the Winter Olympics in different four-year cycles, thus these two sport events now occur two years apart.
Winter Olympics exclusively features seven snow-sporting events divided into 15 disciplines. The various sporting events at the Winter Olympic Games are: Alpine skiing, Biathlon, Bobsled, Cross-country skiing, Curling, Figure skating, Freestyle skiing, Ice hockey, Luge, Nordic combined, short track speed skating, Skeleton, Ski jumping, Snowboarding, and Speed skating.
The Winter Olympics because of the nature of the sports involved and their requirements have always been held in countries in the northern hemisphere so far. They have yet to be held in the southern hemisphere. The US has been the host country four times, while France has hosted the games thrice. Austria, Canada, Japan, Italy, Norway and Switzerland have each hosted the Games on two occasions.
The next event, i.e. The XXIII Winter Olympic Games will be held at Pyeongchang South Korea from February 9 to 25, 2018, while the following event, i.e. the XXIV Winter Olympic Games will be held in Beijing, China in 2022.
Last updated on January 13, 2016
|Rio De Janeiro Map|