Bucharest is the industrial, cultural as well as financial hub of Romania. Located in the southeastern region of Romania, this is the largest city of the nation. The city’s name first appeared in documents in 1459. In 1862, it was declared as the capital of Romania. The city’s architecture takes you back to the neoclassical and communist era.
The city lies on the banks of River Dâmbovita, which further flows into River Arges. Lakes including Lake Tei, Lake Floreasca, Lake Herăstrău, and Lake Colentina are stretched across the northern region of Bucharest. Additionally, in the center of this capital city, you’ll also find Lake Cismigiu, popularly referred to as an artificial lake. The city is spread over an approximate area of 226 sq kms, wherein the altitude varies from 55.8 to 9.15 meters depending on the area.
How to reach (transport) :
- By Air : The city is connected well with most of the European capitals as well as with the largest cities of Romania. However, often you may find it challenging to locate a direct flight to the city from the Middle East or outside of Europe.
You can also reach the city through multiple low-cost flights, chiefly from places like Italy, Spain, France, Germany, Israel, Austria, Hungary, and Belgium. All the flights land at the Henri Coandă International Airport. On the other hand, the commercial flights usually land at the Aurel Vlaicu International Airport.
Once you land at the Henri Coanda International Airport, there are several ways through which you can reach the city. These include :
- By Bus : Express bus 783 has its services to downtown Bucharest from the airport. This bus runs at an approximate frequency of 20 minutes every day. However, during weekends or holidays, they are less frequent and run between 40-minute intervals. On the other hand, the Express Bus 780 connects the airport to the Bucuresti Nord railway station. It runs at an approximate interval of 40 minutes.
- By Train : The Henri Coandă Expres is considered as a combo transfer bus service. Here, you will have to first catch a minibus and then a train to Bucuresti Nord Station.
- By Taxi : You can also hire taxis from the airport to reach the city center. However, be careful of taxi frauds, wherein even official cab drivers can charge more.
- Bucharest Street Music Festival : Held preferably in June, this is popularly referred to as D'Ale Bucurestilor in Bucharest. During this event, you’ll find musicians performing medieval music and Romanian folk music.
- International Furniture and Interior Design Fair (BIFE-TIMB) : Organized in August or September, this fair is held at Romexpo and lures approximately more than 550 participants from 18 nations. You can witness a variety of contemporary designs in office and home furniture, lighting, interior and exterior décor.
- Autumn Fair at Bucharest's Village Museum : Held in October, this fair is organized at the Village Museum of Bucharest. A Romanian wedding celebration forms the main attraction of this event. Besides, the event is also host to mesmerizing music, exotic food, and local handicrafts.
- Masters of Lyrical Art : This international singing competition is arranged by the Bucharest National Opera. Every year, this event is devoted to one of the lyrical masters of Romania.
- House of the Free Press : This striking edifice has been standing in the northern part of Bucharest since 1956. The edifice was designed by Horia Maicu and was home to capital printing presses from 1956-1989.
- Calea Victoriei : On your visit to Bucharest, visit Calea Victoriei, the most striking street of the city. Constructed in 1692, it connects the Mogosoaia with the Old Princely Court and has emerged as the most fashionable street of Bucharest.
- Cantacuzino Palace : Named after the renowned Prime Minister Grigore Cantacuzino, this palace was constructed between 1898 and 1900, and is famous for its eclectic French architecture including the tall, arched windows, iron balconies, and a porte-cochere.
- The Palace of the Savings Bank : When talking about neoclassical wonders in Bucharest, one has to mention The Palace of the Savings Bank. Constructed in the 19th century by Paul Gottereanu, this square-shaped palace is noted for its central dome.
- University of Bucharest : The city carves a niche for its higher education facilities. The University was established by Alexandru Ioan Cuza in 1864. Formerly, the corridors and libraries hosted a number of striking Romanian personalities like Eugène Ionesco, Emil Cioran, Mircea Eliade, and Sergiu Celibidache.
The city enjoys a transitional climate, with both subtropical and continental influences. Winters are usually windy where the temperatures can drop to below 0°C. During summers, the city experiences an average temperature of 23°C, particularly during the months of July and August. Average humidity and precipitation are low in summers; however, the city does experience heavy storms occasionally.
When to Visit :
The preferable time when you can plan for a Bucharest tour is from June to August. The city has a pleasurable climate then, with parks in full bloom.
Culture (fairs and festivals) and traditions :
The city is noted for its glorious buildings and tree-lined boulevards. Some of the major attractions of the city include:
Bucharest is home to both luxurious hotels as well as budget hotels. Those who don’t mind spending a couple of extra dollars can plan their stay at the Epoque Hotel, Athenee Palace Hilton Bucharest, Radisson Blu Hotel Bucharest, Premier Palace Hotel & Spa, Grand Hotel Continental, InterContinental Bucharest, or the JW Marriott Bucharest Grand Hotel. On the other hand, if you are traveling on a lesser budget, then options like Hotel Cameliei, Banat, Tripoli, Hostel Litovoi or Sir Orhideea Hotel are available.
Last Updated : December 31, 2013