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Romania Facts

Facts about Romania
Lat Long46 00 N, 25 00 E
Area92, 043 sq.mi (238,391 km2)
Population21,666,350 (July 2015 est.)
Largest CityBucharest
Official LanguagesRomanian
Major ReligionEastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 81.9%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformed and Pentecostal) 6.4%, Roman Catholic 4.3%, other (includes Muslim) 0.9%, none or atheist 0.2%, unspecified 6.3% (2011 est.)
National Day1 December (1918)
Form of GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
PresidentKlaus Iohannis
Prime MinisterSorin Grindeanu
CurrencyRomanian leu (RON)
GDP$403.579 billion ( 2015 estimate)
Calling Code40
Time ZoneEET (UTC+2) Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Where is Romania?
Romania is located in the region separating Central and Southeastern Europe. Located on the Lower Danube, it shares its borders with Hungary and Serbia to the west, Ukraine and Moldova to the northeast and east, and Bulgaria to the south.
What is the capital of Romania?
Located in the southeast of Romania, Bucharest is the capital of Romania. It is the cultural, industrial, and financial center of Romania. It is officially known as the Municipality of Bucharest, although the etymology of the name is uncertain. It was first mentioned in 1459. Today, it is the hub of Romania's national railway network.

How big is Romania?
The total area of Romania is 92,043 square miles. It has an estimated population of 21,904,551.

What is the currency of Romania?
Romanian Leu is the official currency of Romania. Its ISO 4217 code is RON. It is divided into 100 bani. Romania is a member of the European Union and is expected to adopt the euro in 2015. The currency is regulated by the National Bank of Romania.

Which is the largest city of Romania?
The capital of Romania, Bucharest, is the largest city of Romania. It covers an area of 88 square miles and has an estimated population of 1,942,254.

What is the official language of Romania?
Romanian is the official language of Romania. It is spoken as the first language by 91% of the population. Hungarian and Vlax Romani are other important minority languages. Other languages spoken in the country are German, English, and French.

What is the religion of Romania?
Since Romania is a secular state, there is no state religion. Majority of the population in Romania identify themselves as Orthodox Christians. Jews, atheist, and Muslims constitute the minority in the country.

What is the literacy rate of Romania?
Adult literary rate of Romania ranks 45th in the world. In 2004, the adult literacy rate was 97.3%.

Who is the political leader of Romania?
Romania is a semi-presidential republic. The government of the country is divided into three branches, the executive, legislative and judicial. Executive powers are vested in both the president and the government. The president appoints the prime minister, who in turn appoints the member of councils. Traian Basescu is the current President of Romania. He was sworn in as the president on December 20, 2004. Victor Ponta is the current Prime Minister of Romania.

When is the National Day of Romania celebrated?
The national Day of Romania is celebrated on December 1. Also known as the Great Union Day, December 1 commemorates the unification of Transylvania, Banat, Bessarabia, and Bukovina with the Romanian Kingdom. It is the national holiday of Romania.

What is the economy of Romania like?
The economy of Romania is the 11th largest in the European Union by total GDP nominal. In 2009, the GDP and the per capita income of Romania were $251.741 billion and $11,755. Services sector accounts for 52.6% of the GDP, followed by industry (35%), and agriculture (12.4%). Unemployment rate stands at 7.3%. Electric machinery, textiles and footwear, software, mining, timber, chemicals, and petroleum refining are some of the main industries in the country. Major trade flows are with Germany, China, Hungary, Bulgaria, France, Russia, and Kazakhstan.

Last Updated on: July 31st, 2017

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