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Where is Lithuania ?
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The Republic of Lithuania is a nation in northern Europe located at the edge of north European Plain. It is bordered by Latvia on the north, Belarus on the east and south, Poland on the south, and by Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave on the south-west.

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Lithuania Map
The official flag of Lithuania was adopted on 20 March 1989. The Flag of Lithuania is a tricolor with horizontal stripes in yellow, green and red, each color symbolizing different aspects of Lithuania. The Yellow stripe represents Lithuania's golden fileds, Green stripe represents it's lush green countryside and the Red stripe is for the sacrifice made by the people of Lithuania.

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Lithuania's early inhabitants were various Baltic tribes arriving as early as the 3rd millennium BC. The Kingdom of Lithuania was formed at the union of these tribes under King Mindaugas in 1253. His rule was short-lived, however, when he was assassinated a decade later. During the Northern Crusades in the 13th century, Lithuania, along with neighboring Latvia and Estonia, were mostly conquered Livonians and the Teutonic Order of Germany.
The Gediminid dynasty came to power in the late 13th century, vastly expanding the territory of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The House of Gediminas formed an alliance with Poland, which was strengthened after threats from the Grand Duchy of Moscow. In 1569, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was established. The Swedes invaded during the Northern Wars in the mid-1600s, and then the Great Northern War hit the country even further. The Commonwealth was partitioned by the Russian Empire, Prussia, and Habsburg Austria in the late 1700s.

In World War I, Lithuania declared its independence in 1918. Poland annexed and occupied the capital, Vilnius. The Soviet Union invaded Lithuania, annexing its territory, and when Nazi Germany attacked the Soviets, Lithuania became occupied by Nazi forces. Control was returned to the Soviets in 1944, and it became the Lithuanian SSR in 1945. Ethnic Lithuanians were deported from the country, and the Lithuanians fought back and many died. The anti-Communism movement began in the 1980s, and Lithuania declared its independence in 1990, though it was not without violent resistance from the Soviet Union. Lithuanian independence was recognized in 1991.

Neighboring Countries : 
Lithuania shares borders with Latvia, Belarus, Poland, and Russia's exclave, the Kaliningrad Oblast. Just across the Baltic Sea from Lithuania are Sweden and Denmark.

Major Cities
  • Vilnius (capital)
  • Kaunas
  • Klaipeda
  • Siauliai
Geography : 
Lithuania is a Baltic country, situated along the Baltic Sea in northeastern Europe. The terrain of Lithuania was largely formed by the melting of Ice Age glaciers, with close to 3,000 lakes, mostly in the east. The landscape is mostly flat with hills and some minor highlands. About a third of the terrain is forested, while lakes and swamp regions make up other regions. The highest point is in Samogitia, and stands just 298 meters (977 feet) above sea level. The largest river in Lithuania is the Nemunas River, which flows 917 kilometers (570 miles), while other major rivers include the Neris, Venta, and Sesupe. Its main port is Klaipeda, along the Curonian Lagoon.

Points of Interest : 
Lithuania has several important natural sites, including many national and regional parks. The national parks include Aukstaitija National Park, Dzukija National Park, Samogitian National Park, National Park of Curonian Spit, and Trakai Historical National Park. One popular attraction in Lithuania are its hill-forts, known as pilikalniai, which offer great views and pleasant outdoor space.

Lithuania's history has left it with various sites, including the fortresses of the Russians and Germans who once occupied the lands. There are also several castles in Lithuania, like Norviliskes Castle, which is a Renaissance style castle, while Raudone Castle is built in the Gothic style. The capital, Vilnius, is home to an Old Town, built in the Middle Ages, which features architecture from the Baroque, Classical, Renaissance, and Gothic styles, though the medieval city was a wooden one. Also in Vilnius are the Gediminas royal family's castle, cathedrals, and Verkiai Regional Park.

Transportation : 
Lithuania's main airport, located in the capital, is Vilnius International, with service from many destinations in Europe. Other options are Palanga Airport, Kaunas International, and Latvia's Riga International Airport. Trains are available from destinations in Latvia, Poland, and Russia. Domestic travel by train is a good option, especially for tourist destinations, including national parks. Boats are also an option from Sweden, Germany, and Denmark.

The Baltic Road is a well-maintained route between the Baltic states, connecting Vilnius to Tallinn and the rest of the Baltic, and other roads in the country are usually nice. Within Lithuania, car and bus are good methods of travel, with frequent bus service that is fairly inexpensive. In cities, taxis are also typically cheap and convenient.

Last Updated : January 02, 2014


ContinentEurope
Lat Long54°41'N25°19'E
CapitalVilnius
Largest CityVilnius
Official LanguageLithuanian
Major ReligionLutheran (Christian)
Form of GovernmentParliamentary republic
PresidentDalia Grybauskaite
Prime MinisterAlgirdas Butkevicius
CurrencyLithuanian Litas (LTL)
GDP$70.840 billion 2014 estimate
Calling code370
Time ZoneEET (UTC+2)
Internet TLD.lt