The region of Calabria is nestled between Basilicata in the north, the island of Sicily in the south-west, Tyrrhenian Sea at the west and the Ionian Sea lying on the eastern front. Calabria stretches upto 15,080 square km with a maximum population of two million.
The geography of Calabria is peculiar with many extended features attached to it. The narrow peninsula of Calabria stretches for about three hundred km towards the center of the nearest water body of Mediterranean Sea. It is like a shape of a boot that is surrounded by Tyrrhenian Sea, Ionian Sea and Gulf of Taranto. Calabria is separated from the nearest island of Sicily by the Strait of Messina with the streak of Punta Pezzo Topographically Calabria is primarily made up of mountainous region. The highest altitudes consist of mountains Pollino, the Sila, and Aspromonte and have unique characteristics of flora and fauna.
At the northern front of Calabria lies the Pollino Mountains which also forms a natural barrier from the rest of Italy . The Serra Dolcedorme is the highest peak, 2,267 metres above the sea level. This part of Calabria is concentrated with heavy wooded land accompanied by some vast intervals of wind-swept unvegetated plateaus. Pino Loricato, a typical pine tree grows there.
The Sila is another central segment of Calabria made of vast plateau, with an altitude of 1,200 metres and spreads 2,000 square km. Botte Donato is the highest point and has numerous lakes and dense coniferous forests.
The Aspromonte massif shapes up the southernmost tip Calabria encircled by the sea on three sides. Is has a unique mountainous feature reaching 1,995 metres of Montalto. The rest is covered by wide, man-made terraces.
Although not much rich in agricultural products, Calabria grows many other priceless fruits including citrus fruit orchards of olives and chestnut trees. There are also few vineyards in the lower slopes. Dense forests of oak, pine, beech and fir trees are found in the higher valleys.
Calabria is divided into five main provinces of Catanzaro, Cosenza, Crotone, Reggio Calabria and Vibo Valentia. Catanzaro is also the capital of Calabria .
Some of the prominent visiting places are:
- "Pearl" of the Violet Coast - Scilla
- Capo Vaticano on the Tyrrhenian Sea
- The city of Norman castle and an ancient cathedral, Gerace, near Locri,
- Stilo, the home of Tommaso Campanella,
- Culturally rich Cosenza that homes Romanesque Cathedral and a Swabian Castle.
- Nicotera, a beautiful medieval Town with a ancient Ruffo's castle
Reaching Calabria is not difficult. There are three airport of Aeroporto di Lamezia Terme-Sant'Eufemia, Aeroporto dello Stretto and Aeroporto di Crotone-Sant'Anna and also six sea ports of Corigliano Calabro, Crotone, Gioia Tauro, Reggio Calabria, Vibo Valentia and Villa San Giovanni.
Calabria also homes many big universities and educational institutions. Calabria also has its own football teams Reggina from Reggio di Calabria, Crotone and Catanzaro.