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Facts about Chad

Where is Chad?
Officially known as the Republic of Chad, Chad is a country located in north-central Africa.

What is the capital of Chad?
N'Djamena is the capital and the largest city of Chad. It is located in the southwestern part of the country. Despite the many violent conflicts in the capital, the city continues to be the economic center of Chad.
The estimated population of the capital city is 993,492.

Which countries border Chad?
Chad is bordered on the north by Libya, on the south by the Central African Republic, on the east by the Republic of Sudan, on the southwest by Cameroon, and on the west by Nigeria and Niger. The country is sometimes referred to as the "Dead Heart of Africa' because of its proximity with the deserts.

How big is Chad?
The country has an area of 495,753 square miles, with a land boundary length of 3,708 miles.

What is the population of Chad?
According to the census conducted in 2009, the estimated population of Chad is 10,329,208. The birth rate is estimated at 48.28 per 1,000 people and the death rate at 15.4 per 1,000 people. The population growth rate is about 2.92%.


What are the administrative divisions of Chad?
Chad is divided into twenty-two regions that are headed by a presidentially appointed governor. The regions are further divided into sixty-one departments, which are subdivided into two-hundred sub-prefectures; these are composed of 446 cantons.

Who are the political leaders of Chad?
Chad is a presidential republic.
President: Idriss Deby
Prime Minister: Emmanuel Nadinagar

What currency is used in Chad?
The official currency of Chad is the Central African franc. It is denoted by the ISO 4217 code XAF. The franc is nominally subdivided into hundred centimes. It is also the currency of five other states in central Africa: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea.

What is the official language of Chad?
There are more than 120 languages and dialects spoken in the Republic of Chad. French and Arabic are both used as official languages of the country.

What is the official religion of Chad?
The predominant religion of Chad is Islam. Christianity is the second-most popular religion. Roman Catholics represent the largest Christian denomination: 21% of the population is Roman Catholic, while 14% is Protestant.

What are the economic features of Chad?
The Republic of Chad has a per capita income of $1,600. Over 80% of the population depends on farming and livestock for livelihood. Cotton, sorghum, millet, peanuts, rice, potatoes, manioc (tapioca) are the major agricultural products. The major industries of Chad include oil, cotton textiles, meatpacking, beer brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials.

The country is rich in natural resources like petroleum, deposits of bauxite, iron ore, uranium, natron, tin, and tungsten, kaolin, fish, gold, limestone, sand, gravel, and salt.

Chad's exports include cotton, cattle, gum arabic, oil. Machinery and transportation equipment, industrial goods, foodstuffs, textiles are the principal imports of the country. Since 2003, crude oil has become the country's primary source of export earnings, taking over the traditional cotton industry.

The major trading partners of Chad are: the United States, China, Portugal, France, Cameroon, Germany, Belgium.

When did Chad achieve independence?
Chad achieved independence from France on August 11, 1960. Although Chad achieved independence on this date, the Independence Day of Chad is celebrated on January 11. Chad celebrates the Independence Day as a national holiday.