Chad geography is all about the topographical details of Chad. Geography of Chad mainly consists of the land area covered by the respective regions of Chad. Chad geography also includes the vegetation and climate along with the texture of the soil of Chad. Chad is actually situated in the central African region and its neighbors are Libya, Nigeria and Sudan. It covers a total land area of about 1,284,000 square kilometers. The width of Chad is almost 800 kilometers. It is a moderately large country where a large number of ethnic populations exist together. The capital of Chad is N’Djamena, which is situated in the northern side close to the Atlantic Ocean. It has a total land area of about 1,100 kilometers. One of the major cities of Chad, known as Abeche covers a land area of about 2,650 kilometers. The regions around the river Chad has a fertile kind of soil ideally suited for irrigation and cultivation.
Important Geographical Facts of Chad
Chad has a tropical kind of a climate starting from the northern most regions to the southern tip. The tropical climate of Chad is dry in nature. There are large variations within the climate of this country. In the central regions of Chad there exists dry as well as rainy seasons. Sahara regions are prevalently dry and the annual rainfall in this region occurs less than 3 centimeters. The desert region has scanty vegetation full of shrubs and cactus plants. The Sahelian region has a transitional kind of a climate where the desert of kind vegetation is found in the northern regions of Saheli. The central portion experiences more rainy seasons than any where else in the region of Saheli. The region of Soudania is very humid and an average rainfall about 750 to 1,250 millimeters occurs there.