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The Plurinational State of Bolivia is a landlocked nation in the central part of South America. The total area covered by Bolivia spans 424,163 sq miles. The country houses an estimated population of 10,907,778 (2010), which makes it the 84th most populated country in the world. The per capita nominal GDP of the country stands at $1,858.
Before European settlement, the Andean territory of Bolivia formed a portion of the Inca Kingdom, which was the biggest empire in Pre-Columbian America. In the 16th century, the territory was captured by the Spanish Kingdom. For the greater part of the Spanish settlement era, this region was known as Upper Peru and was ruled by the Government of the Viceroyalty of Peru, which incorporated majority of the South American settlements of Spain. Following the announcement of independence in 1809, armed conflicts took place prior to the constitution of the Republic for 16 years. The country was named after Simón Bolívar and declared its independence on August 6, 1825.
Bolivia has a developing economy and has a poverty level of close to 60%. The country has a Medium Human Development Index score. Inflation is a major problem in the country.
The major industries and economic operations include forestry, agriculture, mining, fishing, and manufactures like garments, textiles, refined petroleum and refined metals. The country is quite affluent in mineral resources, particularly tin. Bolivia exports soybeans and soy products, natural gas, zinc ore, crude oil, cocain, and tin. It imports plastics, petroleum products, aircraft and aircraft components, paper, automobiles, insecticides, prepared foods, and soybeans.
Maps of Bolivia:- Bolivia encompasses a total area of 424,163 sq miles. It is the 84th most populated country in the world. A comprehensive map of Bolivia shows that it is bounded by Brazil in the north and east, Argentina and Paraguay in the south, and Peru and Chile in the west.
Administrative Regions: The Democratic Republic of Bolivia is divided into nine departments, which are further divided into 100 provinces.
Hotels:- Los Tajibos Hotel, Camino Real Aparthotel, Gran Hotel Cochabamba and Camino Real Hotel are some of the best hotels in Bolivia.
Cities: La Paz, Sucre, Santa Cruz, Cochabamba, Potosí, Oruro, and Tupiza are some of the notable cities in Bolivia. La Paz is the seat of the government and the national capital.
Travel:- The tourism industry of Bolivia has developed steadily since 1990 and revenue from tourism has a lot of significance in the country's economy. The national parks, ski resorts, historical ruins, and spectacular landscapes contribute to the beautification of the states.
Business and Economy:- Bolivia is one of the least developed and poorest nations in Latin America, regardless of being wealthy in mineral resources.
Education:- Education in Bolivia, similar to several other domains of Bolivian life, has a partition between the countryside and urban localities of Bolivia.
Events and Festivals: Ano Nuevo (New Year's Day), Carnival in Oruro, and San Juan Winter Solstice are some of the popular festivals in Bolivia.
History and culture: Bolivia has battled through phases of political turbulence, autocracy, and economic problems. The culture of Bolivia has been significantly influenced by the Aymara, the Quechua, and the famous Latin American traditions.
Last Updated On : April 11, 2013
CapitalSucre (constitutional capital) and La Paz (administrative capital)
Largest CitySanta Cruz de la Sierra
Major ReligionCatholic 81.6% , Evangelic 10.3%, No religion 3.3%, Protestant 2.6%, Mormon and Jehovah's Witnesses 1.7%, Non Christian 0.4%, Traditional religions 0.1%
Form of GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
Vice PresidentAlvaro Garcia Linera
GDP$55.229 billion 2012 estimate
Time ZoneBOT (UTC-4)