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Somalia Geography

Valuable information about Somalia Geography is a prerequisite for proper understanding of this African country.

Geographical Location of Somalia
Somalia is situated on the eastern part of Africa. Somalia has Djibouti on the northeastern part of it while Ethiopia lies on the western part of the country.
Somalia is bounded by Kenya on the southwestern part. Somalia is bounded by the Gulf of Aden on the north of it and the Indian Ocean on the south. The estimated total area of Somalia is 637,657 square kilometer. Out of this, the total land area of Somalia is 627,337 square kilometer while the water area is 10,320 square kilometer.

Topography of Somalia
Topography of Somalia is an integral part of Somalia Geography. Although the Topography of Somalia is marked by little variation, there are highlands, plains and plateaus in the landscape.

Climate of Somalia
Somalia experiences a semi-arid type of Climate. The temperature in almost all parts of the country remains hot almost all through the year except for the highland areas. The annual precipitation of Somalia is less. Most of the rainfall occurs in the northwestern part of the country.

Vegetation of Somalia
The areas, which receive low rainfall, are characterized by low and sparse vegetation while the vegetation is dense in the areas, which receives moderate rainfall. The vegetation of Somalia forms an important part of the Somalia Geography.