The total land area of Elba Island is approximately 224 square km with a coastline stretching upto 147 km. The population in this small land of Elba is about 30000, divided into 8 separate municipalities:
- Campo nell'Elba
- Marciana Marina
- Porto Azzurro
- Rio Marina
- Rio nell'Elba
Elba is one of the major iron hubs in Italy. Since the ancient Roman days, near about 480 BC, Elba Island was excavated and found to be an important source of mining business.
The Greeks called it as Aethalia . In 1802 the island came under the French reign, and Elba, Italy flourished in economy. However, the island of Elba was mainly controlled by the British Naval troops. In 1860, it became a part of the new unified Italian territory.
Elba Island can be reached through many directions as it is placed only 10 km far from the Italian mainland. From west, by car, proceeding towards Genoa- Leghorn, before taking the district of Grosseto, turn to the exit of Venturina- Isola d'Elba. Same can be done, if one is driving from the north towards Milan- Parma La Spezia- Leghorn. South is also not too far away from the Island Elba , as you move towards Rome-Grosseto and before reaching Leghorn corner, takes the exit to Isola d' Elba. If you want to come by the train, a more round about route, it will be clever to get off at Campiglia Marittima station on the Leghorn-Rome main line.
Elba is an emerging Italian destination spot for all kinds of tourists who love to share and enjoy sea beaches. Elba, Italy is also quite developed by good tourist infrastructures. Added are the natural beauties of the surrounding sea, long stretches of serene sandy and pebbly beaches, cliffs. The island also has museums, sport centers, one golf club, riding-schools, diving centers and sailing schools, amusement parks for children and adults. As the highest peak stand Monte Capanne at 1,018 metres. Elba is a growing and renowned tourist spot of Italy and famous for its wine production.