Lexington city owes its origin to Gilbert Campbell's Ford which was transformed into the town of Lexington in the year 1778. The town was given the name of Lexington after the battle of Lexington during the years of the American Revolution. Lexington developed into a complete city in the year of 1841 according to a charter of the American constitution. Ever since its early years as a city within the Commonwealth of Virginia, the city's economy has remained dependent on education. The historical Washington & Lee University has now become synonymous with the city of Lexington which has also earned the reputation of being the most prestigious university in the country. The Virginia Military Academy was started in the year of 1839 and it played a very pivotal role during the years of the American Civil War. Lexington's significance today, rests in the fact that the city has developed into the cultural, retail and historical city of Rockbridge county.