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International Olympic Committee




International Olympic Committee: The International Olympic Committee is the supreme authority of the Olympic Movement . The organization was created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on 23 rd June in 1894 . The organization was created to reinstate the Ancient Summer Games . Its headquarters are in Lausanne, Switzerland . International Olympic Committee , also known as the IOC , is responsible for the development and promotion of sport on all levels. In one word, the IOC 's main aim is to promote "Olympism". The IOC ensures the regular celebration of Summer Games , the sport and cultural festivals of the Olympic Movement . The original committee had 14 members . At present there are about 70 members working to operate the mission of the committee. These dedicated individuals are considered ambassadors from the committee to their national sports organizations.

The structure of the International Olympic Committee: The powers of the International Olympic Committee are exercised by its different organs. These organs are-

  • The International Olympic Committee Session - Session is the supreme organ of the IOC. This is the general meting of the members of the IOC . The ordinary Session is held once a year. Special Sessions may be called by the president upon the written request of at least one third of the members. The powers of the IOC Session are- to adopt or amend the Olympic Charter; to elect the members of IOC; to elect the President, the Vice-President and other members of the IOC Board; to elect the host city of the Summer Games
  • The International Olympic Committee Executive Board - The IOC Executive Board is constructed with the President, four Vice-Presidents and ten other members . All members of the IOC Executive Board are elected by the Session . The International Olympic Committee Executive Board assumes the overall responsibility for the administration of the IOC.
  • The President of the International Olympic Committee - The IOC Session (composed of the IOC Members) elects, by secret ballot, a President from among its members. The President is elected for a term of eight years . The term is renewable once for four years . The next President election will then take place. The President represents the IOC and presides over all its activities.
  • The Membership of the International Olympic Committee: The members of the International Olympic Committee were generally elected by other existing members. The host countries of the Summer Games were allowed two members in the organization, while other countries could have one or none as their representative. Members of the royalty were targets of co-option for a long time. Now in order to get a better representation of the sports world, athletes, International Federations leaders and National Olympic Committees leaders are opted for the members of the concern.

    Total number of members in IOC may not exceed 115 with each member elected for a term of eight years . The members, whose memberships are not linked to any specific function or office, cannot exceed the number of 70 . There should not be more than one member from one country in the IOC . Maximum of 15 athletes are selected during the Summer Games for eight years . Number of members, who are presidents or holding an executive position in IFs , cannot exceed 15 in number. Presidents or persons holding an executive or senior leadership position within NOCs - may not be more than 15 in number.



    Team USA defeated team Serbia to win its third straight basketball gold medal in Men’s Basketball tournament. The winning team’s coach Mike Krzyzewski was utmost delighted with his team’s victory on the final day of Rio 2016 Olympic Games. USA won by a 19-15 lead and this is their 25th straight victory at the Olympic Games in addition to the 15th straight victory in the basketball tournament. 

    Mo Farah of Great Britain has bagged the gold by winning the 5000 meters final and completed the double double. According to media reports, with this victory Farah has become the second man in the history of Olympics to be able to successfully defend his 5000 and 10000 Olympic championships. His victory is being hailed on Twitter with some calling him the greatest long distance runner of all time. Meanwhile, the silver medal has gone to Paul Kipkemoi Chelimo and Dejen Gebremeskel of Ethiopia has bagged the bronze.

    In the women's event, Caster Semenya of South Africa won the Olympic gold in the 800m. She won in one minute 55.28 seconds.  Francine Niyonsaba of Burundi won the silver medal and Kenya's Margaret Nyairera Wambui bagged the bronze.

    Chen Long of China has taken gold medal in the Rio Olympics 2016 after defeating Lee Chong Wei of Malaysia, who has won a silver in men’s badminton today. Lee was facing pressure not to lose the match. He beat Lin Dan of China in the semi-final. Lee and Lin, both are considered to be the best players of their time. With Lee’s defeat, Malaysia has missed out the chance of getting an Olympic gold medal.

     

    Italy came up with a win and is heading to men's volleyball final against Brazil, after defeating USA. The US men's volleyball team tried all their survival skills, but could not stand in front of Italy. The winning team's thriller was 30-28, 26-28, 9-25, 25-22, 15-9. After it was over, US coach John Speraw said that the team was not skilled enough and they did not execute on some of the opportunities, which Italy flawlessly did

    French boxer Estelle Mossely celebrated her 24th birthday by winning a gold medal in Women’s lightweight boxing championship. She defeated China’s Yin Junhua after the end of four rounds that had the two defending champions leveled on the scorecards of three judges. The bronze medals were earned by Mira Potkonen of Finland and Anastasia Beliakova of Russia.

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