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St. Louis (USA)-1904 Olympiad

The City of St. Louis: St. Louis encompasses an independent city in Missouri and its metropolitan area. This area includes counties in the states of Missouri and Illinois. St. Louis is the 18 th largest city in the United States. The city is named after Louis IX of France. The city has several nicknames including the "Gateway

City", "Gateway to the West", and "Mound City" . The city of St. Louis is built primarily on bluffs and terraces that rise 100-200 feet above the western banks of the Mississippi river, just south of the Missouri-Mississippi confluence . There are many landmarks in St. Louis like St Louis Zoo, St. Louis Gateway Arch, The University loops, Grant's Farm and others.

The Third Modern Olympics : The 1904 Olympics is officially known as the Games of the III Olympiad . The Games were held in St. Louis, Missouri in the United States. The city of Chicago had won the original bid to host the games, but the Louisinia Purchaes Exposition denied permitting another international event in the same timeframe. The organization began to plan for its own sports activities, informing the Chicago OCOG that the Exposition intended to eclipse the Summer Games unless the games would be moved to St. Louis . Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympic movement, gave in.

Venue: The Third Summer Games were held at the stadium called Francis Field in St. Louis. The stadium is on the campus of Washington University in St. Louis and is used by the University's sports teams. It was built in time for the 1904 World Fair and was used as the main stadium for the 1904 Summer Olympics.

Participants: 651 athletes took part from 13 countries in the third Modern Summer Games. The countries participating in the games were Australia, Austria, Canada, Cuba, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland and United States . Maximum number of athletes participated from United States.

Events: There were 91 events in 17 sports. The sports were archery, athletics, boxing, diving, fencing, football, golf, gymnastics, lacrosse, rowing, roque, swimming, tennis, tug of war, water polo, weightlifting and wrestling.

Medal Count : United States won the highest number of medals with 78 gold, 82 silver and 79 bronze medals.

A Brief Description of the St. Louis Olympics, 1904: St. Louis repeated the mistakes made by Paris in 1900 Olympiad. Here also The Games were reduced to a sideshow of the World Fair 1904. The Games were held from 1 st July to 23 rd November in St. Louis. The Games were officially opened by David Francis. In this third Olympiad, for the first time gold, silver and bronze medals were awarded for the first, second and third places.