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London (Great Britain)-1908 Summer Games

The City of London: London is the capital of England and the United Kingdom . For nearly two millennia, London has been an important settlement.

London is an international leader in finance. It is one of the largest global cities for its involvement in business, politics, education, entertainment, media, fashion and arts . London is also one of the most populated and largest cities in Europe. The city is situated by the river Thames. Some of the main attractions and landmarks of London are Albert Memorial, British Library, London Dungeon, Madame Tussaud's, London Eye, Tower Bridge, Millennium Dome, Greenwich Observatory, and St. Paul's Cathedral.

The Fourth Olympiad: The 1908 Summer Olympics was officially known as the Games of the IV Olympiad . The Games were held in 1908 in London, England . These games were originally scheduled to be held in Rome . At the time they were the fifth modern Summer Games following the Athens Games in1906. However the International Olympic Committee degraded the Athens Games and thus the 1908 Games are seen as the fourth Olympiad according to the accepted four year cycle.

Venue: The Fourth Summer Games were held at White City Stadium , built in London, England for the 1908 Summer Olympics. This stadium was the first purpose-built Olympic stadium. Completed in just 10 months, it was officially opened by King Edward VII on 27 th April, 1908.

Participants: 2008 participants competed in the fourth Olympiad. The 22 countries which took part in the Games were Australasia, Austria, Belgium, Bohemia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Russia, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and U.S.A.

Events: In the fourth Olympiad there were 110 events in 22 sports . The sports included in the program were archery, athletics, boxing, cycling, diving, fencing, figure skating (on ice), football, gymnastics, hockey, jeu de paume, lacrosse, polo, rackets, rowing, rugby, sailing, shooting, swimming, tennis, tug of war, water motor sports, water polo and wrestling.

Medal Count: Great Britain won the highest number of medals. They won 56 gold, 51 silver and 38 bronze medals which made a total of 141 medals.

A Brief Description of the Fourth Olympiad: The Fourth Summer Games were held from 13 th July to 31 st October in London, the capital of England. The Games were officially opened by King Edward VII. In this forth Olympiad, standard rules for sports were established. Judges were also selected from countries other than the host. Winter sports were introduced in Olympics for the first time.