About South Carolina Map :The map of South Carolina illustrates the outline of the state and its neighboring states. The roadways, interstate highways, railways, major lakes and rivers are vividly displayed.
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History of South Carolina
At the time the Spanish and French explorers entered, what is today known as South Carolina, there existed many Native American tribes like Catawbas and the Cherokees. The first attempt at establishing a settlement went vain,
Settlers who came from France, British Isles, and parts of Europe developed various plantations along the coastal low country. They cultivated crops like rice and indigo, which turned out to be highly profitable. When there came a need of workforce for plantations, African slaves were imported in large numbers. By 1720, the population of African slaves increased and largely dominated the area. Charleston’s port city assumed great importance as the hub of culture and commerce. The Native Americans were forced to shift base to the west.
As the period of the American Revolution approached, South Carolina came under the list of the richest colonies in America. They contributed a great deal in the fight for independence. South Carolina was the scene of many revolutionary battles with some major operations taking place at Sullivan’s Island, Kings Mountain, Cowpens, and Camden. It was the first state to ratify the Articles of Confederatio On 23 May 1788, South Carolina ratified the proposed constitution of the United States and became the eighth state to enter the union.
The following years saw South Carolina prosper to a great extent with the expansion of trade industry. However, there emerged a dissatisfaction and difference with the federal government. Around the 1820s, John C Calhoun a South Carolina resident created the theory of nullification. Through this, a state has the right to refuse any federal law, which violates the rights of the people. Tension between the state and the federal government soon reached a peak. South Carolina withdrew from the Union on 20 December 1860, since they were disappointed with the restrictions imposed on free trade.
The Civil War and the post-Civil War period proved to be a distressing affair for the people of South Carolina. The economy was crushed and many people lost their lives. More fuel was added to the already burning fire, when in 1865, General William T. Sherman along with his troops entered South Carolina and burned down the plantations and some major parts of the Columbia city too. South Carolina was restored to the United States following the war. Though the economy continued to suffer and the plantation system was completely dead yet efforts were being made to improve the situation and uplift the political and economic positions.
The beginning of the 20th century brought about a significant change in the scenario of the state. The textile industry began to prosper, tourism industry surfaced, the status of the blacks improved, and there came an end to legal discrimination.
The state has a rough triangular shape and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, North Carolina to the north, and by Georgia to the west and south. It is the 40th largest state covering a total area of 32, 020 square miles. The Sassafras Mountain is the highest point of the state standing at an altitude of 3,560 feet above the sea level. The lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean at the sea level.
The average monthly temperature of South Carolina varies from a high of 91.9 degree Fahrenheit to a low of 31.2 degree Fahrenheit. The state recorded its highest temperature on 28 June 1954 at Camden when it reached a record of 111 degree Fahrenheit. The lowest temperature was recorded on 21 January 1985 at Caesar’s Head, when the temperature went down to a record low of –19 degree Fahrenheit.
South Carolina is characterized by the three geographic land area; the Piedmont, the Blue Ridge region, and the Atlantic Coastal Plain. The major lakes of the state are Lake Marion, Lake Moultrie, and Lake Strom Thurmond, etc. The major rivers constitute the Edisto River, Santee River, Pee Dee River, and Savannah River, etc.
South Carolina has an irresistible charm that emanates from every corner. It is a perfect getaway to unwind and seek solace from the humdrum of daily lives. The beauty of the place along with the warm hospitality of the people therein makes South Carolina a place that one would love to visit again and again. Some of the best places to visit during the stay there are:
- Hilton Head
- Congaree National Park
- Fort Sumter
- Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
- USS Yorktown and Patriots Point
- Historic Charleston
- Myrtle Beach
- South Carolina Aquarium
- Kings Mountain National Military Park and State Parks
- Ceasar’s Head State Park
Last Updated : March 30, 2015
Official Name South-carolina
Time ZoneEastern: UTC -5/-4
Lt. GovernorJ. Yancey McGill
U.S. SenatorLindsey Graham, Tim Scott
Joined the UnionMay 23, 1788
NicknameThe Palmetto State
Highest PointSassafras Mountain
Lowest PointAtlantic Ocean