The State of Israel, located in Western Asia is a developed Middle East country. This member country of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is bordered by Jordan to the east, Syria to the northeast, Palestine territories to the east and south west, and Lebanon to the north. Egypt is situated south of Israel and Mediterranean sea borders its south-eastern coast.
Israel that covers a total area 20,770 sq. km, is the 154th largest country of the world and 43rd largest economy of the world as per GDP 2012. The country has the highest standard of living in the Middle East. Jerusalem, the capital and largest city of Israel is also partly claimed by Palestinians. The city has major religious significance in the world; this is the birthplace of three major religions: Islam, Judaism, and Christianity. In this city, Jesus Christ lived and was later crucified. It is believed that Prophet Mohammad named Jerusalem as the site for Al-Aqsa Mosque. This city, thus attracts many pilgrims every year. Israel is the only country in the world following Hebrew calendar, also called as Jewish calendar.
The climate here is temperate type with the eastern and southern part mostly experiencing hot and dry weather. Israel is also known as the Jewish State as it is home to about 75% of the Jewish population.
Last Updated : February 14, 2013