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Hungary



Full name: Republic of Hungary
Capital City: Budapest
Language: Hungarian
Currency: Forint (Ft)
Religion: Roman Catholic, Calvinist, Lutheran, atheist and others
National Anthem: Himnusz " Isten Áldd Meg a Magyart"
Newspaper: Észak-Magyarország (Miskolc), Új Kelet, 168 Óra
Places to Visit: Budapest, Eger, Pécs, Aquincum Múzeum, Esterházy Palace, Kiskunság National Park, Pannonhalma Abbey, Visegrád Citadel.
Transport: Avail the direct flight of Malév Hungarian Airlines, flying to Budapest from USA along with linking to 30 other European provinces. Opt for Mediterranean services plying between Cairo, Larnaca and Tel Aviv. Hungary is wonderfully linked with the seven neighbouring countries through road and rail services. Volánbusz transport seem to traverse through 18 different European countries whereas the express rail services from Magyar Államvasutak (MÁV) go to destinations like London, Stockholm, St Petersburg, Istanbul and Rome.
Shopping: Embroideries, Herend and Zsolnay porcelain and national dolls.
Introduction
With convenient luxuries and exhilarating scenic beauty jaunt to the territory of Hungary, which still upholds the charm of Baroque towns, the mystic beauty of the rustic villages with host to enriching celebrations, a lively tour to the horse market along with several enriching picturesque additions. Physical Map Of Hungary
Hungary is placed along the Carpathian Basin near the province of Middle-Europe. The country seems to widen relatively 268 km in the North-South direction while 526 km along the East-West direction.

Hungary Map
Hungary is divided into three major geographic areas:
  • The Great Plain- Nagy Alfold,
  • The Transdanube, a hilly region extending till Alps;
  • The Northern Hills, a hilly area towards the northern boundary of the Great Plain.

The place is covered with rolling plains of the Carpathian Basin, to the mountainous peaks along the Slovakian border. The highest point within this hlly region is Kékes that stands boldly with a height of 3,327 ft.

There are two chief rivers that pass through the north-south direction that separates the province into three different areas. The rivers being:
  • Danube (417 km long) and,
  • Tisza (598 Km long).
The area near the Danube and the Tisza rivers are plain in nature. While the territorial region from the western front of Danube are completely hilly. The Great Plain is nestled in the eastern province within the territory while the northwestern border is marked with Small Hungarian Plains. While most part of Hungary's territorial region is covered in plains that attracts several tourists round the year.

Hungary even possesses high mountainous range starting from the Transdanubian Mountains lying towards the western side from the territory of Danube. This mountainous range comprises of smaller mountains like Keszthely Mountains, Bakony, Vértes, Gerecse, Pilis and the Visegrád. The northern mountains that broadens along the northeastern region from Danube, is constituted with smaller hills like Börzsöny, Cserhát, Mátra, Bükk, Cserehát and the Zemplén terrains. The Northern Hills is nestled along the northern region of Budapest that extend to the northeasterly direction, sharing common border with Czechoslovakia Hungary possesses the largest thermal lake in the world named as the Lake Hévíz (Hévíz Spa), while the second largest lake in the region being Lake Theiss in Carpathian Basin.

Hungary Location Map
Location Of Hungary
The Republic of Hungary is nestled within the region of Central Europe, which is engulfed by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, and Slovenia.

Hungary Flag
Flag Of Hungary
The flag of Hungary is designed with a tricolor band that runs parallel to each other with colors of red, white and green. The flag of Hungary was officially accepted during the year 1957. The color red denotes the concept of strength and power within the region, while white pertains to the faithfulness and authenticity of the area and last but not the least the color green stands for the land pastures or greenery present within the province.

The Hungarian flag seems to have derived from the national republican movement held in 18th-19th century as far as the shape and the choice of tricolor is concerned while its colors pertain to the middle ages. This tricolor attributes its presence based on the French flag along with deriving its concepts from the French revolution wherein the colors were used from the historical coat of arms.

Climate Of Hungary
Get a continental type of weather condition where the temperature is usually moderate where one may experience cold winters to sultry summers. The southeast Hungary experiences considerably good weather conditions as the mountainous ranges surround the high-pressure areas. Pécs that lies in the southernmost region of the province is subjected to a Mediterranean weather where the summers are warmer and winter snowy.

The temperature within the area varies from 38 °C during the summer season to 29 °C in the winter season. The rainfall reaches to about 600 millimeters annually.
•  The month of July and August are extremely hot in nature.
•  The month of January and February are usually cold with slight occurrence of snow within the area.
•  June initiates the incoming of rain.

The months of October are the pleasant season for canoeing while autumn is marked with warm weather conditions accompanied with least droplets of rainfall. Get striking amount of rainfall in the western region than in the eastern region, while droughts may even hit the region during the summertime.

The Great Plain is affected with sizzling summers, frosty winters, and limited rainfall.

The southeast of Hungary is dependent on a typical weather condition that is quite different to the Mediterranean weather in the North- and West-Hungary. Here the summers are extended with no rain at all.


Flora and Fauna of Hungary
The flora and fauna enchants the senses of travelers visiting the land of Hungary.

Visit the first settled national park of the region known as Hortobágyi National Park, which has the biggest saliferous-formed plains within the European region. Catch up with native animals like the Hungarian grey cow, deriving its existence from the primitive bullock. Other known species of the region is the black and white long-wool sheep. Go through the bird reserves, which safeguards species like erne, peregrine falcon, striped-headed reed-warbler, spoonbill, ibis, aigrette, bittern, red heron, small sea-pig. Among the migratory birds one can sight birds like the laughing-goose, wild geese and herons.

Bustards, the largest species of European birds flock in the Dévaványa settlement that is found in the Körös-Maros National Park.

Hungary is covered with steppes and frondose woods and several tropical plants in the region.

Catch up different horse breeds like nóniusz, gidrán and furioso, reared along the region of Mezõhegyes.

Visit several national reserves within the region that preserve the native plants and animals. Some of the national parks can one can visit to are the Bükk National Park, Aggtelek National Park, Ferto-Hanság National Park, Danube-Dráva National Park, Körös-Maros National Park, Balaton-uplands National Park, Danube-Ipoly National Park and many others.

The forested region of Hungary is covered with oak, lime, beech, and other deciduous plantation especially in the region of Transdanubian ranges. Get to see species like hare, fox, deer, boar, duck, heron, crane, and stork that can be abundantly sighted at Great Hungarian Plain.

Some of the native species that can be seen frequently are Longhorned Gray Steppe cattle, Magyar Vizsla (oldest hunting dog), Transylvanian Bloodhound, Hungarian thoroughbred horses, Lipicai, cavalry white horses, Black-and-white stork and many others.

People Of Hungary
The Hungarian population is mainly constituted with Magyars, Finno-Ugric and Turkish clan who intermingled with the Slavic group of people. The country is constituted with chief ethnic groups like:
  • Roma (Gypsies),
  • Germans,
  • Slovaks,
  • Croats,
  • Serbs, and
  • Romanians.
Hungarian, are even referred to as Magyar, which is even their official language. Hungarian belongs to the Ugric division of the Finno-Ugric languages, which is even subjected to the cultures of Turkish, Slavic, German, Latin, and French. Magyars are known to possess affluent folk traditions integrated with Eastern themes, story tales, art skills, and music talents. The Hungarian adopted Christianity during the 10th century wherein the Pagan and the Eastern civilization was substituted with the presence of Western customary patterns, and soon Latin was accepted as the official dialect within the region. Roman Catholic along with a huge community of Protestant minority thrives within the Hungarian province. It is within the Protestant groups, the Hungarian (Calvinist) reformed church and the Hungarian Lutheran church survives still retains their culture. German is widely accepted within the region and known in Hungary as a spoken language. Once when the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) ruled the area of Hungary the natives were limited to speak Russian dialects only. It was only after 1990, English language was introduced within the area.

Arts, Culture And Music Of Hungary
Art: Hungary is a wonderful destination where one may come across customary folklore prevalent with good examples of folk art, based completely on creativity, in many areas within the countryside. Women indulge in egg painting, woodcarving, wall painting; basket designing that is usually displayed in their workshops. Halas lace derives from the region of Southern Great Plain while the embroidered folk costumes of Kalocsa are ornamented with ancient designs and patterns. Serbian, Swabian, Slovakian, Romanian, and Romany civilization greatly influence the ethnicity of the Hungarian folk art. The embroidery work is quite famous within the region, which is usually made on linens concentrating mainly on its needlework's. Kalocsa is known as the favorite embroidery hub in the greater Plain area that displays the original Kalocsa embroidery works. The cross-stitch embroidery of Bereg also gained wide popularity within the northern area of the Great Plain. Paloc embroidery colored in red and blue was mainly used on aprons, sheet-ends, fancy towels and kerchiefs that served as a wonderful gift for a particular occasion. Natives even indulged in Pottery making and particularly the Ochre glazed water jars belonged from the region of Mezotur was typically designed with floral decorations. Nadudvar was a major hub where people entertained in pottery designing. One may even come across the Organic Architecture of Hungary along with Magyar architecture that carries a wonderful significance of the ancient culture within the province.


Culture: Get a prosperous and varied culture especially in the twin cities of Hungary namely the Buda and Pest on the Danube, along with Great Plain contiguous to Ukraine. The province boasts of a rich cultural heritage with well-read literatures, poets and noble laureates. The native cuisine of the region is goulash, a beef soup that must one must not miss out. Tokaji is a fabulous native drink famous in the region. The place is beaming with performances like opera, concerts, ballet, and festivals. Do participate in the Budapest Spring Festival, which is celebrated in the month of March. Grab a chance to visit the grand celebration of the summer open-air festival held annually in Szeged.

Music: Folk, popular and classical music have made its strong presence within the region of Hungary. Hungarian folk music has influenced the close- neighbors extensively especially in the areas of Romania, Slovakia, southern Poland and in southern Slovakia and the Romanian region of Transylvania. Participate in the Busojaras Carnival in the province of Mohacs where the Hungarian folk musical event is celebrated accompanied with the Bogyiszlo orchestra.

Participate in the Busojaras Carnival in the province of Mohacs where the Hungarian folk musical event is celebrated accompanied with the Bogyiszlo orchestra.Hungarian classical music seems to have derived its existence from the melody belonging to the rural peasant that is known to carry a distinctive musical rhythm. Rock music became popular with the existence of three main giants namely the Illes, Metro and Omega, whose music went beyond the boundaries of Hungary.

Economy Of Hungary
The economy of Hungary was quite dependable on the sectors of agriculture and small-scale manufacturing units just before the World War II period. Hungary is strategically located in Europe where the region mainly depends on the enduring foreign trade due to the lack of natural resources within the province.

It was during the beginning of 1950, the communist government brought about lot of additions within the industrial sector of the region thereby making the province self-reliant. But it was during the year 1968; a new policy was issued where Hungary was opened to the foreign trade market with restricted functioning of small businesses.

Due to the advanced economy led by the former Eastern bloc, the sectors of agriculture and industry suffered considerably while raising the net foreign debt extensively because of the loss making by the state enterprise groups along with consumer financial support.

It was during the period of economic stagnation, Hungary ventured along with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank and came up with a two-tier banking system. It was during the year 1990-94 there was a change in the market policy where price and trade was issued freely along with a refurbished tax systems and a promising banking system.

But during the year 1994, with the slash in the consumer grant, extravagance spending took place in the government due to which there was a raise in the price factors of commodities, food, transport and energy. Due to which there was a major setback in the export made to the Soviet Bloc along with the decline in the trading output. By March 1995, the government undertook aggressive policies to privatize state owned enterprises and an exchange raw regime was led for encouraging export from the country that reduced the in debt and deficits, the country was going through.

Presently the economy benefits from the borrowing conditions, its self-governing overseas monetary exchange, and other major benefits. The country gains its revenue mainly from the private sector, and the rest from the foreign owners, financial organization, industry, telecommunication and trading regions. Now the government concentrates more on fully supported pensions, higher education, and the formation of the national treasury. The government seems to implement a reduction in the fiscal discrepancy and inflation rate within the economy apart from maintaining a planned tax system, fitness care, and administration finance.

The commodities that are imported within the region are machinery and equipment, manufactures goods, fuel, electricity, food products, raw materials.


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