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Facts about Guinea





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Where is Guinea?
The Republic of Guinea is a country located in west Africa.
What is the capital of Guinea?
Conakry is the capital city of Guinea. With an estimated population of 1,548,500, Conakry is the largest city in the country. The city is the administrative, cultural, and financial center of the Republic of Guinea.

What countries border Guinea?
Guinea shares land boundaries with Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Senegal and Sierra Leone.

How big is Guinea?
Guinea covers a total area of 94,926 square miles.


The country has an estimated population of 10,057,975, as estimated in July 2009; it ranks as theeighty-first most-populated country in the world.

What are the ethnic groups in Guinea?
The ten million people of Guinea belong to twenty-four ethnic groups. The largest groups are the Fula 43%, Mandinka 35%, and Susu 20%. There are communities of small ethnic groups including Kpelle, Kissi, Zialo, Toma and others.

What are the administrative divisions of Guinea?
Guinea is divided into eight administrative regions that are further divided into thirty-three prefectures. The major cities in the country include Labe, Nzerekore, Kankan, Kindia, Mamou, Boke, and Gueckedou.

Who are the political leaders of Guinea?
The government of Guinea is a presidential republic.
President - Alpha Conde
Prime Minister - Mohamed Said Fofana

What currency is used in Guinea?
The Guinean franc denoted by the ISO 4217 code GNF is the official currency of Guinea. The first Guinean franc was adopted as the national currency in 1959, replacing the CFA franc.

What is the official language of Guinea?
French is the official language of Guinea. Other dialects used in the country are Mandinka, Pular, and Susu. A unique "feet for sign language" is also used in the western areas of Guinea. This language is made effective by series of dances or by sitting on the ground and using one's feet effectively.

What is the religion of Guinea?
Islam is the pre-dominant religion in Guinea followed by almost eighty-five percent of the population. There are Christians, Jehovah's Witnesses, Buddhists, Hindus and disciples of the Baha'i faith in Guinea as well.

What is the economy of Guinea like?
The per capita nominal GDP of Guinea in 2010 was estimated at $448. Guinea is rich in mineral resources and is home to twenty-five or more of the documented bauxite reserves of the world. Agriculture hires about eighty percent of the workforce of the country. The other minerals found in the country include gold and diamonds. Guinea has a tremendous prospect in hydroelectric energy. Other industries include beer processing plants, agricultural processing, diamond mining, and light manufacturing. Guinea is a major exporter of bauxite, gold, alumina, coffee, diamonds, agricultural products and fish. Petroleum products, machinery, metals, grain, textiles, and foodstuffs are the major imports.

When is the national day of Guinea celebrated?
The national day of the Republic of Guinea is celebrated on October 2 every year. On this day in 1958, the country got its independence from the French rule.




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