The area comprises rounded hills, swamps, small lakes and ponds, and short, shallow streams and rivers.
- Connecticut Valley Lowland: This region extends from northern Massachusetts to southern Connecticut. It is a long, narrow land about twenty miles wide. The Connecticut River runs through this area making the soil fertile for farming.
- Western New England Upland: The region is an extension of the Green Mountains of Vermont. It runs from Vermont through Massachusetts down into Connecticut. The highest point in the state, Mount Greylock and the Berkshire Hills lie in this region.
- Berkshire Valley: Lying to the west of the Western New England Upland and the Berkshire Hills is the Berkshire Valley. It is a narrow valley covered with green meadowlands.
- Taconic Mountains: These lie on the extreme western border of Massachusetts. The mountains are a narrow band of hills stretching from northwestern Massachusetts to the south.
|Area||10,555 square miles|
|Land Area||7,838 square miles|
|Water Area||2,717 square miles|
|Mean Elevation||150 meters|
|Highest Point||Mount Greylock (1,064 meters)|
|Lowest Point||Atlantic Ocean|
|Geographic Center||Worcester County|
Massachusetts has significant climatic differences between its eastern and western sections. Generally the state has cold winters and moderately warm summers. The highest temperature recorded in Massachusetts is 107° F; recorded on August 2, 1975 at Chester and New Bedford. The lowest temperature recorded in Massachusetts, -35°F, on January 12, 1981 at Chester.Mountains
There are mountain peaks in Massachusetts. Mount Greylock is the highest point in the state (1,164 m).The major mountain peaks are:
- Saddle Back Mountain
- Mount Everett
- Bakke Mountain
- Tekoa Mountain
- Mount Frissell
- Monument Mountain
- Mount Watatic
- Mount Williams
There are numerous water-bodies in the state of Massachusetts. All the rivers in the state flow to the Atlantic Ocean.The major rivers are:
The major lakes in Massachusetts are:
- Lake Attitash
- Lake Boon
- Lake Cochichewick
- Lake Buel
- Lake Chaubunagungamaug
- Quabbin Reservoir
- Lake Onota
- Lake Sabbatia