One of the four nations in the United Kingdom, England is bordered by Scotland to the North and Wales to the west, the Irish Sea to the northwest, and the Celtic Sea to the southwest, the North Sea to the East, and the English Channel to the south. Just across the English Channel is France. The majority of England is on the island of great Britain in the North Atlantic. The country also includes about a hundred smaller islands surrounding Great Britain.
England is the most populous country in the United Kingdom, with an estimated population of about 53 million. The country covers an area of 130,395 square kilometers (50,346 square miles).
London is the capital of England. Located along the Thames River, London is a leading global city and is the largest financial center of the world, with the largest GDP of Europe. London has a population of over 8 million, and close to 14 million in the entire metro area. London covers an area of about 1,570 square kilometers (607 square miles).
London is home to several UNESCO World Heritage Sites: The Tower of London, Royal Botanical Kew Gardens, Westminster Palace, Westminster Abby, St. Margaret's Church, and Maritime Greenwich.
English is the de facto official language of England, while Cornish is a recognized regional language in the country. Other major languages include French, Welsh, German, Spanish, Punjabi, and Urdu.
Christianity, especially in the Anglican denomination, is the most widely practiced religion in England. The Catholic Church and the Methodist Church are the next largest Christian groups in England. Other than these, Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, and Buddhism are the next largest religious groups.
England has one of the largest economies in the world, with an average GDP per capita of £22,907. The official currency in England is the pound sterling, whose ISO 4217 code is GBP. The country is a leader in the chemical and pharmaceutical sectors. Aerospace, arms industry and software industry are some of the major industries. The capital city, London, is home to the London Stock Exchange, the United Kingdom's main stock exchange and the largest in Europe.
Last Updated on : August 16, 2016