The central and southern part of the island of Great Britain in the North Atlantic also form part of England. The country comprises over hundred smaller islands including the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.
London is the capital city of the United Kingdom. Covering an area of 607 square miles, it is the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom. It is located on the River Thames.
London is the largest financial center along with New York. Fashion, cuisine, tourist places, and art and architecture of the city attracts a million visitors; it is the most-visited city in the world. The Tower of London, Kew Gardens, Palace of Westminster, St Margaret's Church, Buckingham Palace, Piccadilly Circus, and Trafalgar Square are the major attractions.
England is divided into nine regions that are further divided into smaller administrative units. The regions are:
- East Midlands
- East of England
- Greater London
- North East England
- North West England
- South East England
- West Midlands
- Yorkshire and the Humber
England has a parliamentary form of government which works under a constitutional monarchy. The leader of the largest party in the House of Lords is elected as the prime minister. He then selects a cabinet to run the government; the tenure of the government is five years.
One of the largest economies in the world, England has a mixed market economy. Chemicals, pharmaceutical sectors, aerospace, and manufacturing are the major drivers of the economy of England. Owing to a number of beautiful attractions in the country, tourism contributes to the finances of England.