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The name Giza Egypt is synonymous with the Great Pyramid and the Great Sphinx , the two magnificent and awe-inspiring monuments of the ancient world. Giza is situated on the western banks of the river Nile. The capital of the Al Jizah Governorate , Giza is now considered as part of the greater metropolis of Cairo.

Giza is world famous for being the site of some of the most extraordinary architectural achievements of ancient Egypt. The Giza Plateau in Giza houses the massive and impressive structures of the Great Pyramid, the Great Sphinx, and a number of other large pyramids and temples. Giza, the necropolis of ancient Memphis , is a witness to the glorious past of Egypt.

The sheer grandeur and brilliant architecture of the Pyramids of Giza have drawn historians, archeologists, architects, and ordinary travelers to these sites for centuries.

Although made by man, the Pyramids of Giza Egypt have the aura of divine presence. Standing in front of these gigantic masonry works, you cannot help but feel humbled by the absolute power that these pyramids represent.

The Giza Pyramids are more than 4500 years old. They stand as witness to a past which goes much beyond the birth of Christ. These pyramids were built as the tombs of Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure , three great Egyptian pharaohs who ruled from 2589 to 2504 BC.

The greatest and most splendid of the Giza Pyramids is the Great Pyramid of Khufu. This colossal stone structure was regarded by the ancient Greeks as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Khufu ruled from about 2589 to 2566 BC. After his death, he was entombed in the pyramid that is astonishing for both its size and mathematical precision. It is built of almost 2 million stone blocks and stands at a height of about 455.2 feet.

The Great Sphinx is another famous relic in Giza, Egypt . The sphinx is a mythical figure which is half-human and half-lion. The head of the Sphinx is that of a human. One of the largest statues on Earth which is cut out of a single stone, the Great Sphinx is believed to have been built in the 3 rd millennium BC. The Great Sphinx stands a guard overlooking the city of Giza, Egypt. Egyptologists feel that the Sphinx looks similar to Pharaoh Khafra who is often believed to have been the builder of this stone structure.

A visit to Giza will captivate you by the beauty of this town. Made famous by the pyramid complex, the Great Sphinx and other temples of ancient Egypt, Giza is now one of the most important tourist attractions of Egypt and a great revenue generator for the country.
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