The Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made building constructed some 4,000 years ago. Visitors can enter the Great Pyramid through a passage in the masonry. The pyramids are notable for their incredible construction, which features a high degree of mathematical accuracy. They are constructed from limestone and granite. Many theories about how the pyramids were constructed without the assistance of modern machines have been postulated.
The Great Pyramid is also called the Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops), after the pharaoh who probably had the pyramids built. The other pyramids are called the Pyramid of Khafre and the Pyramid of Menkaure.
The Great Pyramid stands 137 meters (449 feet) high. Each side is oriented with one of the cardinal directions of the compass (north, south, east, and west). The Great Pyramid of Khufu is made up of two million blocks of stone, and is estimated to weigh 5.9 million tonnes.
The Pyramid of Khafre (Chephren) is situated to the southwest of the Pyramid of Khufu. Although it appears to be taller than the Great Pyramid, as it stands on higher ground, this pyramid is actually smaller than that of Khufu. This pyramid was built by Khufu’s son Khafre.
The third pyramid, the Pyramid of Menkaure (Mycerinus), which stands some 67m (220ft) high, was started by Khafre’s son Menkaure.
In front of the Great Pyramid stands the Sphinx, a statue of a creature with the body of a lion and the head of a man. The Sphinx, which stands 20 meters (66 feet) high, and measures about 73.5 meters long, was probably carved over 4,500 years ago out of sandstone.
The sights at Giza are among the most famous in the world and continue to fascinate hordes of visitors every year. To get more information about the Pyramids, do visit Pyramids of Giza.
- The Pyramids of Giza are a group of pyramids (also called the Giza Necropolis) that were constructed around 2560 BC as tombs for the Egyptian royals.
- The largest of the pyramids, known as the Great Pyramid of Giza, is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
- Out of the three pyramids, the Great Pyramid of Khufu , which was built by the pharaoh Khufu around 2560 BC, is the oldest and largest.
The Giza Necropolis is located around Cairo, Egypt, in a town called Giza. The pyramids are about 25 kilometers (15 miles) away from the city of Cairo, in the desert and along the Nile River. From Cairo International Airport, you can hire a cab to visit the Great Pyramids. Metro Line 2 connects Cairo to Giza, and from the Giza Station, you can take a taxi, bus or mini bus that goes to the Pyramids.
The best times to visit the Great Pyramids of Giza are during winter or spring, to avoid the intense heat of the desert in summer.
1 May to Ramadan: 7:00 am – 7:00 pm
1 Ramadan to 30 April: 8:00 am – 5:00 pm
Note: The pyramid of Khufu is closed from 11:00 am to 1:00 pm.
General Admission Tickets include entry to the Valley Temple of Khafre, Pyramid of Hetepheres (G1a), Pyramid of Meret-ites (G1b), Pyramid of Henut-sen (G1c), Tomb of Idu, Tomb of Qar, Tomb of Seshemnefer, Tomb of Sennedjem-Ib, Tomb of Pa-sen, Tomb of Ka-em-ankh and Tomb of Nen-sedjer-ka.
Egyptian: 2 LE (Students: 1 LE)
Foreign: 50 LE (Students: 25 LE)
Separate tickets are available for entry to the pyramid of Khafre, the pyramid of Khufu, and the Sound and Light Show.
Pyramid of Khufu: Egyptian: 20 LE (Students: 10 LE)
Foreign: 100 LE (Students: 50 LE)
Only 150 tickets are sold during morning and 150 after 1:00 pm for entry into the Pyramid of Khufu.
Pyramid of Khafre: Egyptian: 2 LE (Students: 1 LE)
Foreign: 25 LE (Students: 15 LE)
Update: Pyramid of Menkaure is currently closed.
Nearby attractions: The Great Sphinx, Cairo, Saqqara Pyramid Complex, Egyptian Museum
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