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Lebanon

Full name Republic of Lebanon
Capital City Beirut
Language Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian
Currency Lebanese Lira (LL)
Religion Muslim, Christian
National Anthem Koullouna Lilouataan Lil Oula Lil Alam
Newspaper Al Akhbar, Al Anwar, Al Balad
Places to Visit Beirut, Tripoli, Aanjar, Beiteddine Palace, Jeita Grotto
Transport Avail several international flights from Beirut airport that directly connect to Europe, Africa, Asia and the Middle East. USA is the only country that does not have any straight links. Avail bus services passing through the route of Beirut and Damascus each and every hour along with taxi services to Lattakia and Hama. Syria shares common land border with Lebanon, so get hold of visa while getting in to Lebanon through Syria borders.
Shopping Traditional pottery, glassware, cutlery, braziers, bowls, fluted jugs, ashtrays, swords, wool kaftans, abayas, table linen, gold and silver.


Introduction
Lebanon positions itself well near the foothills of the Cascade Mountains along the Mid-Willamette Valley, that boasts of historic homes and ancient heritage. Beirut, being its capital city is often named as the "Paris of the Middle East. Travel to this fantastic location that ensnares you with its bountiful beauties.

Physical Map of Lebanon
The name Lebanon is referred in Arabic dialect as Lubnan while called as "Lebnan"or "Lebnen"in the native language, which comes from the Semitic basis called as LBN,
Lebanon Map
which has several meaning of its own, with particular reference made to white and milk. The concept even speaks about the existence of the snow-capped mountain range named as the Mount Lebanon.

The Middle Eastern country of Lebanon stretches a long way from the Lebanon-Syria border that reaches to about 375 km, while the distance from where the Lebanon-Israel border expands pertains to about 79 km in extent. Lebanon covers a total land area of about 10,452 km² that stands in the 178th position while being the largest nation in the world. Most of the area in Lebanon is bordered with mountainous topography that can be scarcely seen along the narrow coastlines and the Beqaa Valley.

Lebanon Location Map
Location of Lebanon
Lebanon is quietly nestled within the Middle East, which is a mountainous country placed along the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea.

Lebanon is enclosed by Syria from the northern and eastern front while from Israel towards the southern end.

Lebanon Flag
Flag of Lebanon
The flag of Lebanon was officially accepted in the month of December 7, 1943. The flag is designed with two parallel-placed red colored bands on the top and the bottom most corner of the flag. A white band is placed in the middle of these two red bands, which stands with a ratio of 1:2:1.

A green cedar stands in the middle bands touching the red borders where the color red represents the bloodshed that calls for liberation and emancipation within the province. The white color denotes the resting peace within the region along with the snow-capped mountains prevalent here. The green cedar carries the symbol of immortality and dependability. The cedar as referred within the Bible, flourishes all over like the palm tree, and develops like a cedar in Lebanon.

Climate of Lebanon
Enjoy a Mediterranean type of climate in Lebanon where the coastal regions are affected with cool and showery winters and hot and moist summers. Temperature usually goes below 0ºC in most of the elevated region, that brings along winter accompanied with dense snowfall. Lebanon is prone to heavy precipitation where the regions of northeastern are heavily affected. The presence of high peaks along the western region obstructs the rain clouds from getting in, which initiates from the Mediterranean Sea.

Flora and Fauna of Lebanon
Lebanon boasts of about 3,000 species of assorted ranges of fauna within the area. The vegetation growth basically depends on the sub tropical area to the deserted region. The native plants residing within the region are Olive trees, fig trees, grapevines are placed along the lower ground area while species that reside in higher altitudes are cedar, maple, juniper, fir, cypress, valonia oak, and Aleppo pine forest. Among the wild animals mention can be made of jackals, gazelles and rabbits that are found in the southern region. Different ranges of rodents, mice, squirrels, gerbils, and reptiles can also be sighted here. Bird species like thrushes, nightingales, songbirds, partridges, pigeons, vultures, and eagles are commonly seen within the state.


People of Lebanon
Catch up with the Mediterranean feel unified with royal hospitality while staying in the region of Lebanon. Arabic is the local dialect spoken here along with the presence of dialects like the French and Armenian. English is even widely accepted within the region. Get a unique blend of Christians and Muslims settling in great numbers that even provides a gateway to the Arabs.

The religious groups thriving here include groups like the Shia Muslim who reside in huge numbers along with the Sunni Muslims, Christians, and Druze. The local people spent their leisure time indulging in skiing and swimming along with participating in canoeing, cycling, climbing, swimming, rafting, sailing and spelunking.

arts, Culture and Music of Lebanon
  • Art: The local natives are known for being close to jewels and fashion that can be seen in their antiquities. Wood crafting is a popular trade the native people resort to. One can catch up with handicrafts and other furnishes made of brass, copper, china wares, old guns, Persian carpets, Kuwaiti carved chests, opalines, mother-of-pearl furniture, ceramic painting, moucharabieh carved of wood and much more.
  • Culture: Lebanon is known for holding the best ranges of cuisine, literary skills, musical traditions, and local festivals. Lebanon culture can be well related to the European lifestyle. Do participate in the Baalbeck International Festival, which holds the musical fest annually. Beirut is the local cultural center of the region. It is a place where functions like the international opera, symphony, ballet, and dramas are performed quite frequently. The summer festivals held at Baalbek, Beiteddine, and Byblos surely enthralls you. Relish the native cuisine that is pampered with the Eastern Mediterranean tastes mainly by the Syria, Turkey, Greece and Cyprus delights. The native dish of the region is kibbe while the local drink is called as arak.

  • Music: Lebanese music has been highly praised for its comforting and relaxing rhythm that goes well with the wild beats. The native and folk music are the two prominent western music heard within the area. From conventional to techno beats, one can indulge in whichever kind of music that soothes one's mind.

    Economy of Lebanon
    Lebanon believes in free market management and laissez-faire profitable trading. The Lebanese economy depends largely on the banking and tourism sector. Overseas exchange or capital movement is widely accepted, while the bank's confidentiality is maintained.

    Lebanon has implemented a regulation for money discrimination within the region. Foreign assistances are boosted within the region. The government lays emphasis on privatization of the telecom and electricity industry, stimulating the process of sale of the state airline along with the usage of water utilities.

    Lebanon enforced several reforms like reviving its financial structure, debt management, improving the private and public owned sectors, fiscal consolidation, tax reforms, rationalizing expenditure, and many others.
    • Export: jewelry, construction minerals, inorganic chemicals, consumer goods, fruit, tobacco, electric power machinery, switchgear, textile fibers and paper.
    • Import: cars, medicinal items, petroleum products, clothing, live animals, consumer goods, paper, textile fabrics and tobacco.
    • Industries residing here are banking, tourism, jewelry, cement, food processing, textiles, mineral and chemical industry, wood and furniture products, oil refining, and metal fabricating.
    • Agricultural production includes: tobacco, citrus, grapes, apples, vegetables, tomatoes, potatoes, olives, sheep, and goats.